Yeats' FAIRY AND FOLK
TALES OF THE IRISH PEASANTRY
A LEGEND OF KNOCKMANY
What Irish man, woman, or child has
not heard of our renowned Hibernian
Hercules, the great and glorious Fin M'Coul? Not one, from Cape Clear to the
Giant's Causeway, nor from that back again to Cape Clear. And, by the way,
speaking of the Giant's Causeway brings me at once to the beginning of my story.
Well, it so happened that Fin and his gigantic relatives were all working at the
Causeway, in order to make a bridge, or what was still better, a good stout
pad-road, across to Scotland; when Fin, who was very fond of his wife Oonagh,
took it into his head that he would go home and see how the poor woman got on in
his absence. To be sure, Fin was a true Irishman, and so the sorrow thing in
life brought him back, only to see that she was snug and comfortable, and, above
all things, that she got her rest well at night; for he knew that the poor
woman, when he was with her, used to be subject to nightly qualms and
configurations, that kept him very anxious, decent man, striving to keep her up
to the good spirits and health that she had when they were first married.
So, accordingly, he pulled up a fir-tree, and, after lopping off the roots
and branches, made a walking-stick of it, and set out on his way to Oonagh.
Oonagh, or rather Fin, lived at this time on the very tip-top of Knockmany
Hill, which faces a cousin of its own called Cullamore, that rises up,
half-hill, half-mountain, on the opposite side--east-east by south, as the
sailors say, when they wish to puzzle a landsman.
Now, the truth is, for it must come out, that honest Fin's affection for his
wife, though cordial enough in itself, was by no manner of means the real cause
of his journey home. There was at that time another giant, named Cucullin--some
say he was Irish, and some say he was Scotch-but whether Scotch or Irish, sorrow
doubt of it but he was a targer. No other giant of the day could stand
before him; and such was his strength, that, when well vexed, he could give a
stamp that shook the country about him. The fame and name of him went far and
near; and nothing in the shape of a man, it was said, had any chance with him in
a fight. Whether the story is true or not, I cannot say, but the report went
that, by one blow of his fists he flattened a thunderbolt, and kept it in his
pocket, in the shape of a pancake, to show to all his enemies, when they were
about to fight him. Undoubtedly he had given every giant in Ireland a
considerable beating, barring Fin M'Coul himself; and he swore, by the solemn
contents of Moll Kelly's Primer, that he would never rest, night or day, winter
or summer, till he would serve Fin with the same sauce, if he could catch him.
Fin, however, who no doubt was the cock of the walk on his own dunghill, had a
strong disinclination to meet a giant who could make a young earthquake, or
flatten a thunderbolt when he was angry; so accordingly kept dodging about from
place to place, not much to his credit as a Trojan, to be sure, whenever he
happened to get the hard word that Cucullin was on the scent of him. This, then,
was the marrow of the whole movement, although he put it on his anxiety to see
Oonagh; and I am not saying but there was some truth in that too. However, the short and long of it was, with reverence be it spoken, that he
heard Cucullin was coming to the Causeway to have a trial of strength with him;
and he was naturally enough seized, in consequence, with a very warm and sudden
fit of affection for his wife, poor woman, who was delicate in her health, and
leading, besides, a very lonely, uncomfortable life of it (he assured them) in
his absence. He accordingly pulled up the fir-tree, as I said before, and having
snedded it into a walking-stick, set out on his affectionate travels to
see his darling Oonagh on the top of Knockmany, by the way.
In truth, to state the suspicions of the country at the time, the people
wondered very much why it was that Fin selected such a windy spot for his
dwelling-house, and they even went so far as to tell him as much.
"What can you mane, Mr. M'Coul," said they, "by pitching your tent upon the
top of Knockmany, where you never are without a breeze, day or night, winter or
summer, and where you're often forced to take your nightcap1 without either going to bed or turning up your little
finger; ay, an' where, besides this, there's the sorrow's own want of
"Why," said Fin, "ever since I was the height of a round tower, I was known
to be fond of having a good prospect of my own; and where the dickens,
neighbours, could I find a better spot for a good prospect than the top of
Knockmany? As for water, I am sinking a pump,2 and, plase goodness, as soon as the Causeway's made, I
intend to finish it."
Now, this was more of Fin's philosophy; for the real state of the case was,
that he pitched upon the top of Knockmany in order that he might be able to see
Cucullin coming towards the house, and, of course, that he himself might go to
look after his distant transactions in other parts of the country, rather than--but no matter--we do not wish to be too hard on Fin.
All we have to say is, that if he wanted a spot from which to keep a sharp
look-out--and, between ourselves, he did want it grievously--barring Slieve
Croob, or Slieve Donard, or its own cousin, Cullamore, he could not find a
neater or more convenient situation for it in the sweet and sagacious province
"God save all here!" said Fin, good-humouredly, on putting his honest face
into his own door.
"Musha, Fin, avick, an' you're welcome home to your own Oonagh, you darlin'
bully." Here followed a smack that is said to have made the waters of the lake
at the bottom of the hill curl, as it were, with kindness and sympathy.
"Faith," said Fin, "beautiful; an' how are you, Oonagh--and how did you sport
your figure during my absence, my bilberry?"
'Never a merrier--as bouncing a grass widow as ever there was in sweet
'Tyrone among the bushes'."
Fin gave a short, good-humoured cough, and laughed most heartily, to show her
how much he was delighted that she made herself happy in his absence.
"An' what brought you home so soon, Fin?" said she.
"Why, avourneen," said Fin, putting in his answer in the proper way, "never
the thing but the purest of love and affection for yourself. Sure you know
that's truth, anyhow, Oonagh."
Fin spent two or three happy days with Oonagh, and felt himself very
comfortable, considering the dread he had of Cucullin. This, however, grew upon
him so much that his wife could not but perceive something lay on his mind which
he kept altogether to himself. Let a woman alone, in the meantime, for
ferreting, or wheedling a secret out of her good man, when she wishes. Fin was a
proof of this.
'It's this Cucullin," said he, "that's troubling me. When the fellow gets
angry, and begins to stamp, he'll shake you a whole townland; and it's well known that he can stop a
thunderbolt, for he always carries one about him in the shape of a pancake, to
show to anyone that might misdoubt it."
As he spoke, he clapped his thumb in his mouth, which he always did when he
wanted to prophesy, or to know anything that happened in his absence; and the
wife, who knew what he did it for, said, very sweetly,
"Fin, darling, I hope you don't bite your thumb at me, dear?"
"No," said Fin; "but I bite my thumb, acushla," said he.
"Yes. jewel; but take care and don't draw blood." said she. "Ah, Fin! don't,
"He's coming," said Fin; "I see him below Dungannon."
"Thank goodness, dear! an' who is it, avick? Glory be to God!"
"That baste, Cucullin," replied Fin; "and how to manage I don't know. If I
run away, I am disgraced; and I know that sooner or later I must meet him, for
my thumb tells me so."
"When will he be here?" said she.
"Tomorrow, about two o'clock," replied Fin, with a groan.
"Well, my bully, don't be cast down," said Oonagh; "depend on me, and maybe
I'll bring you better out of this scrape than ever you could bring yourself, by
your rule o' thumb."
This quieted Fin's heart very much, for he knew that Oonagh was hand and
glove with the fairies; and, indeed, to tell the truth, she was supposed to be a
fairy herself. If she was, however, she must have been a kind-hearted one, for,
by all accounts, she never did anything but good in the neighbourhood.
Now it so happened that Oonagh had a sister named Granua, living opposite
them, on the very top of Cullamore, which I have mentioned already, and this
Granua was quite as powerful as herself. The beautiful valley that lies between them is not
more than about three or four miles broad, so that of a summer's evening, Granua
and Oonagh were able to hold many an agreeable conversation across it, from the
one hill-top to the other. Upon this occasion Oonagh resolved to consult her
sister as to what was best to be done in the difficulty that surrounded
"Granua," said she, "are you at home?"
"No," said the other; 'I'm picking bilberries in Althadhawan"
(AnglicÃ©, the Devil's Glen).
"Well," said Oonagh, "get up to the top of Cullamore, look about you, and
then tell us what you see."
"Very well," replied Granua; after a few minutes, "I am there now."
"What do you see?" asked the other.
"Goodness be about us!" exclaimed Granua, "I see the biggest giant that ever
was known coming up from Dungannon."
"Ay," said Oonagh, "there's our difficulty. That giant is the great Cucullin;
and he's now commin' up to leather Fin. What's to be done?"
"I'll call to him," she replied, "to come up to Cullamore and refresh
himself, and maybe that will give you and Fin time to think of some plan to get
yourselves out of the scrape. "But," she proceeded, "I'm short of butter, having
in the house only half-a-dozen firkins, and as I'm to have a few giants and
giantesses to spend the evenin' with me, I'd feel thankful, Oonagh, if you'd
throw me up fifteen or sixteen tubs, or the largest miscaun you have got, and
you'll oblige me very much."
"I'll do that with a heart and a half," replied Oonagh; "and, indeed, Granua,
I feel myself under great obligations to you for your kindness in keeping him
off of us till we see what can be done; for what would become of us all if
anything happened to Fin, poor man."
She accordingly got the largest miscaun of butter she had--which might be
about the weight of a couple a dozen mill-stones, so that you may easily judge
of its size--and calling up to her sister, "Granua," said she, "are you ready? I'm going to
throw you up a miscaun, so be prepared to catch it."
"I will," said the other; "a good throw now, and take care it does not fall
Oonagh threw it; but in consequence of her anxiety about Fin and Cucullin,
she forgot to say the charm that was to send it up, so that, instead of reaching
Cullamore, as she expected, it fell about half-way between the two hills, at the
edge of the Broad Bog near Augher.
"My curse upon you!" she exclaimed; "you've disgraced me. I now change you
into a grey stone. Lie there as a testimony of what has happened; and may evil
betide the first living man that will ever attempt to remove or injure you!
And, sure enough, there it lies to this day, with the mark of the four
fingers and thumb imprinted in it, exactly as it came out of her hand.
"Never mind," said Granua, "I must only do the best I can with Cucullin. If
all fail, I'll give him a cast of heather broth to keep the wind out of his
stomach, or panada of oak-bark to draw it in a bit; but, above all things, think
of some plan to get Fin out of the scrape he's in, otherwise he's a lost man.
You know you used to be sharp and ready-witted; and my own opinion, Oonagh, is,
that it will go hard with you, or you'll outdo Cucullin yet."
She then made a high smoke on the top of the hill, after which she put her
finger in her mouth, and gave three whistles, and by that Cucullin knew he was
invited to Cullamore--for this was the way that the Irish long ago gave a sign
to all strangers and travellers, to let them know they were welcome to come and
take share of whatever was going.
In the meantime, Fin was very melancholy, and did not know what to do, or how
to act at all. Cucullin was an ugly customer, no doubt, to meet with; and,
moreover, the idea of the confounded "cake" aforesaid flattened the very heart
within him. What chance could he have, strong and brave though he was, with a man who could, when put in a passion, walk
the country into earthquakes and knock thunderbolts into pancakes? The thing was
impossible; and Fin knew not on what hand to turn him. Right or left--backward
or forward--where to go he could form no guess whatsoever.
"Oonagh," said he, "can you do nothing for me? Where's all your invention? Am
I to be skivered like a rabbit before your eyes, and to have my name disgraced
forever in the sight of all my tribe, and me the best man among them? How am I
to fight this man-mountain--this huge cross between an earthquake and a
thunderbolt?--with a pancake in his pocket that was once--"
"Be easy Fin," replied Oonagh; "troth, I'm ashamed of you. Keep your toe in
your pump, will you? Talking of pancakes, maybe we'll give him as good as any he
brings with him--thunderbolt or otherwise. If I don't treat him to as smart
feeding as he's got this many a day, never trust Oonagh again. Leave him to me,
and do just as I bid you."
This relieved Fin very much; for, after all, he had great confidence in his
wife, knowing, as he did, that she had got him out of many a quandary before.
The present, however, was the greatest of all; but still be began to get
courage, and was able to eat his victuals as usual. Oonagh then drew the nine
woollen threads of different colours, which she always did to find out the best
way of succeeding in anything of importance she went about. She then platted
them into three plats with three colours in each, putting one on her right arm,
one round her heart, and the third round her right ankle, for then she knew that
nothing could fail with her that she undertook.
Having everything prepared, she sent round to the neighbours and borrowed
one-and-twenty iron griddles, which she took and kneaded into the hearts of
one-and-twenty cakes of bread, and these she baked on the fire in the usual way,
setting them aside in the cupboard according as they were done. She then put
down a large pot of new milk, which she made into curds and whey, and gave Fin due instructions
how to use the curds when Cucullin should come. Having done all this, she sat
down quite contented, waiting for his arrival on the next day about two o'clock,
that being the hour at which he was expected--for Fin knew as much by the
sucking of his thumb. Now, this was a curious property that Fin's thumb had;
but, notwithstanding all the wisdom and logic he used, to suck out of it, it
could never have stood to him here were it not for the wit of his wife. In this
very thing, moreover, he was very much resembled by his great foe, Cucullin; for
it was well known that the huge strength he possessed all lay in the middle
finger of his right hand, and that, if he happened by any mischance to lose it,
he was no more, notwithstanding his bulk, than a common man.
At length, the next day, he was seen coming across the valley, and Oonagh
knew that it was time to commence operations. She immediately made the cradle,
and desired Fin to lie down in it, and cover himself up with the clothes.
"You must pass for your own child," said she; "so just lie there snug, and
say nothing, but be guided by me." This, to be sure, was wormwood to Fin--I mean
going into the cradle in such a cowardly manner--but he knew Oonagh well; and
finding that he had nothing else for it, with a very rueful face he gathered
himself into it, and lay snug, as she had desired him.
About two o'clock, as he had been expected, Cucullin came in. "God save all
here!" said he; "is this where the great Fin M'Coul lives?"
"Indeed it is, honest man," replied Oonagh; "God save you kindly--won't you
"Thank you, ma'am," says he, sitting down; "you're Mrs. M'Coul, I
"I am," said she; "and I have no reason, I hope, to be ashamed of my
"No," said the other, "he has the name of being the strongest and bravest man
in Ireland; but for all that, there's a man not far from you that's very desirous of taking a shake with
him. Is he at home?"
"Why, then, no," she replied; "and if ever a man left his house in a fury, he
did. It appears that some one told him of a big basthoon of a giant called
Cucullin being down at the Causeway to look for him, and so he set out there to
try if he could catch him. Troth, I hope, for the poor giant's sake, he won't
meet him, for if he does, Fin will make paste of him at once."
"Well," said the other, "I am Cucullin, and I have been seeking him these
twelve months, but he always kept clear of me; and I will never rest night or
day till I lay my hands on him."
At this Oonagh set up a loud laugh, of great contempt, by the way, and looked
at him as if he was only a mere handful of a man.
"Did you ever see Fin?" said she, changing her manner all at once.
"How could I?" said he; "he always took care to keep his distance."
"I thought so," she replied; "I judged as much; and if you take my advice,
you poor-looking creature, you'll pray night and day that you may never see him,
for I tell you it will be a black day for you when you do. But, in the meantime,
you perceive that the wind's on the door, and as Fin himself is from home, maybe
you'd be civil enough to turn the house, for it's always what Fin does when he's
This was a startler even to Cucullin; but he got up, however, and after
pulling the middle finger of his right hand until it cracked three times, he
went outside, and getting his arms about the house, completely turned it as she
had wished. When Fin saw this, he felt a certain description of moisture, which
shall be nameless, oozing out through every pore of his skin; but Oonagh,
depending upon her woman's wit, felt not a whit daunted.
"Arrah, then," said she, "as you are so civil, maybe you'd do another
obliging turn for us, as Fin's not here to do it himself. You see, after this
long stretch of dry weather we've had, we feel very badly off for want of water. Now, Fin says
there's a fine spring-well somewhere under the rocks behind the hill here below,
and it was his intention to pull them asunder; but having heard of you, he left
the place in such a fury, that he never thought of it. Now, if you try to find
it, troth I'd feel it a kindness."
She then brought Cucullin down to see the place, which was then all one solid
rock; and, after looking at it for some time, he cracked his right middle finger
nine times, and, stooping down, tore a cleft about four hundred feet deep, and a
quarter of a mile in length, which has since been christened by the name of
Lumford's Glen. This feat nearly threw Oonagh herself off her guard; but what
won't a woman's sagacity and presence of mind accomplish?
"You'll now come in," said she, "and eat a bit of such humble fare as we can
give you. Fin, even although he and you are enemies, would scorn not to treat
you kindly in his own house; and, indeed, if I didn't do it even in his absence,
he would not be pleased with me."
She accordingly brought him in, and placing half-a-dozen of the cakes we
spoke of before him, together with a can or two of butter, a side of boiled
bacon, and a stack of cabbage, she desired him to help himself--for this, be it
known, was long before the invention of potatoes. Cucullin, who, by the way, was
a glutton as well as a hero, put one of the cakes in his mouth to take a huge
whack out of it, when both Fin and Oonagh were stunned with a noise that
resembled something between a growl and a yell. "Blood and fury!" he shouted;
"how is this? Here are two of my teeth out! What kind of bread is this you gave
"What's the matter?" said Oonagh coolly.
"Matter!" shouted the other again; "why, here are the two best teeth in my
"Why," said she, "that's Fin's bread--the only bread he ever eats when at
home; but, indeed, I forgot to tell you nobody can eat it but himself, and that
child in the cradle there. I thought, however, that, as you were reported to be
rather a stout little fellow of your size, you might be able to manage it, and I did not wish to affront a man that thinks
himself able to fight Fin. Here's another cake--maybe it's not so hard as
Cucullin at the moment was not only hungry, but ravenous, so he accordingly
made a fresh set at the second cake, and immediately another yell was heard
twice as loud as the first. "Thunder and giblets!" he roared, "take your bread
out of this, or I will not have a tooth in my head; there's another pair of them
"Well, honest man," replied Oonagh, "if you're not able to eat the bread, say
so quietly, and don't be wakening the child in the cradle there. There, now,
he's awake upon me."
Fin now gave a skirl that startled the giant, as coming from such a youngster
as he was represented to be. "Mother," said he, "I'm hungry--get me something to
eat." Oonagh went over, and putting into his hand a cake that had no griddle
in it, Fin, whose appetite in the meantime was sharpened by what he saw
going forward, soon made it disappear. Cucullin was thunderstruck, and secretly
thanked his stars that he had the good fortune to miss meeting Fin, for, as he
said to himself, I'd have no chance with a man who could eat such bread as that,
which even his son that's in his cradle can munch before my eyes.
"I'd like to take a glimpse at the lad in the cradle," said he to Oonagh;
"for I can tell you that the infant who can manage that. nutriment is no joke to
look at, or to feed of a scarce summer."
"With all the veins of my heart," replied Oonagh; "get up, acushla, and show
this decent little man something that won't be unworthy of your father, Fin
Fin, who was dressed for the occasion as much like a boy as possible, got up,
and bringing Cucullin out, "Are you strong?" said he.
"Thunder an' ounds!" exclaimed the other, "what a voice in so small a
"Are you strong?" said Fin again; "are you able to squeeze water out of that white stone?" he asked, putting one into Cucullin's
hand. The latter squeezed and squeezed the stone, but to no purpose; he might
pull the rocks of Lumford's Glen asunder, and flatten a thunderbolt, but to
squeeze water out of a white stone was beyond his strength. Fin eyed him with
great contempt, as he kept straining and squeezing and squeezing and straining,
till he got black in the face with the efforts.
"Ah, you're a poor creature!" said Fin. "You a giant! Give me the stone here,
and when I'll show what Fin's little son can do; you may then judge of what my
daddy himself is."
Fin then took the stone, and slyly exchanging it for the curds, he squeezed
the latter until the whey, as clear as water, oozed out in a little shower from
"I'll now go in," said he "to my cradle; for I scorn to lose my time with any
one that's not able to eat my daddy's bread, or squeeze water out of a stone.
Bedad, you had better be off out of this before he comes back; for if he catches
you, its in flummery he'd have you in two minutes."
Cucullin, seeing what he had seen, was of the same opinion himself; his knees
knocked together with the terror of Fin's return, and he accordingly hastened in
to bid Oonagh farewell, and to assure her, that from that day out, he never
wished to hear of, much less to see, her husband. "I admit fairly that I'm not a
match for him," said he, "strong as I am; tell him I will avoid him as I would
the plague, and that I will make myself scarce in this part of the country while
Fin, in the meantime, had gone into the cradle, where he lay very quietly,
his heart at his mouth with delight that Cucullin was about to take his
departure, without discovering the tricks that had been played off on him.
"It's well for you," said Oonagh, "that he doesn't happen to be here, for
it's nothing but hawk's meat he'd make of you."
"I know that," says Cucullin; "divil a thing else he'd make of me; but before
I go, will you let me feel what kind of teeth they are that can eat griddle--bread like that?"--and he pointed to
it as he spoke.
"With all pleasure in life," said she; "only, as they're far back in his
head, you must put your finger a good way in."
Cucullin was surprised to find such a powerful set of grinders in one so
young; but he was still much more so on finding, when he took his hand from
Fin's mouth, that he had left the very finger upon which his whole strength
depended, behind him. He gave one loud groan, and fell down at once with terror
and weakness. This was all Fin wanted, who now knew that his most powerful and
bitterest enemy was completely at his mercy. He instantly started out of the
cradle, and in a few minutes the great Cucullin, that was for such a length of
time the terror of him and all his followers, lay a corpse before him. Thus did
Fin, through the wit and invention of Oonagh, his wife, succeed in overcoming
his enemy by stratagem, which he never could have done by force: and thus also
is it proved that the women, if they bring us into many an unpleasant
scrape, can sometimes succeed in getting us out of others that are as
1. common name for the cloud or rack that hangs, as a forerunner of wet weather,
about the peak of a mountain.
is upon the top of this hill an opening that bears a very strong resemblance to
the crater of an extinct volcano.
Carleton says--"Of the grey stone mentioned in this legend, there is a very
striking and melancholy anecdote to be told. Some twelve or thirteen years ago,
a gentleman in the vicinity of the site of it was building a house, and, in
defiance of the legend and curse connected with it, he resolved to break it up
and use it. It was with some difficulty, however, that he could succeed in
getting his labourers to have anything to do with its mutilation. Two men,
however, undertook to blast it, but, somehow, the process of ignition being
mismanaged, it exploded prematurely, and one of them was killed. This
coincidence was held as a fulfilment of the curse mentioned in the legend. I
have heard that it remains in that mutilated state to the present day, no other
person being found who had the hardihood to touch it. This stone, before it was
disfigured, exactly resembled that which the country people term a miscaun of
butter, which is precisely the shape of a complete prism, a circumstance, no
doubt, which, in the fertile imagination of the old Senachies, gave rise to the
superstition annexed to it."