Gods and Fighting Men
The Best Men of the Fianna
And while Oisin was in his young youth, Finn had other good men along with
him, and the best of them were Goll, son of Morna, and Caoilte, son of Ronan,
and Lugaidh's Son.
As to Goll, that was of Connacht, he was very tail and light-haired, and some
say he was the strongest of all the Fianna. Finn made a poem in praise of him
one time when some stranger was asking what sort he was, saying how hardy he was
and brave in battle, and as strong as a hound or as the waves, and with all that
so kind and so gentle, and open-handed and sweet-voiced, and faithful to his
And the chessboard he had was called the Solustairtech, the Shining Thing,
and some of the chessmen were made of gold, and some of them of silver, and each
one of them was as big as the fist of the biggest man of the Fianna; and after
the death of Goll it was buried in Slieve Baune.
And as to Caoilte, that was a grey thin man, he was the best runner of them
all. And he did a good many great deeds; a big man of the Fomor he killed one
time, and he killed a five-headed giant in a wheeling door, and another time he
made an end of an enchanted boar that no one else could get near, and he killed
a grey stag that had got away from the Fianna through twenty-seven years. And
another time he brought Finn out of Teamhair, where he was kept by force by the
High King, because of some rebellion the Fianna had stirred up. And when Caoilte
heard Finn had been brought away to Teamhair, he went out to avenge him. And the
first he killed was Cuireach, a king of Leinster that had a great name, and he
brought his head up to the hill that is above Buadhmaic. And after that he made
a great rout through Ireland, bringing sorrow into every house for the sake of
Finn, killing a man in every place, and killing the calves with the cows.
And every door the red wind from the east blew on, he would throw it open,
and go in and destroy all before him, setting fire to the fields, and giving the
wife of one man to another.
And when he came to Teamhair, he came to the palace, and took the clothes off
the door-keeper, and he left his own sword that was worn thin in the king's
sheath, and took the king's sword that had great power in it And he went into
the palace then in the disguise of a servant, to see how he could best free
And when evening came Caoilte held the candle at the king's feast in the
great hall, and after a while the king said: "You will wonder at what I tell
you, Finn, that the two eyes of Caoilte are in my candlestick." "Do not say
that," said Finn, "and do not put reproach on my people although I myself am
your prisoner; for as to Caoilte," he said, "that is not the way with him, for
it is a high mind be has, and he only does high deeds, and he would not stand
serving with a candle for all the gold of the whole world."
After that Caoilte was serving the King of Ireland with drink, and when he
was standing beside him he gave out a high sorrowful lament. "There is the smell
of Caoilte's skin on that lament" said the king. And when Caoilte saw he knew
him he spoke out and he said: "Tell me what way I can get freedom for my
master." "There is no way to get freedom for him but by doing one thing," said
the king, "and that is a thing you can never do. If you can bring me together a
couple of all the wild creatures of Ireland," he said, "I will give up your
master to you then."
When Caoilte heard him say that he made no delay, but he set out from
Teamhair, and went through the whole of Ireland to do that work for the sake of
Finn. It is with the flocks of birds he began, though they were scattered in
every part, and from them he went on to the beasts. And he gathered together two
of every sort, two ravens from Fiodh da Bheann; two wild ducks from Loch na
Seillein; two foxes from Slieve Cuilinn; two wild oxen from Burren; two swans
from blue Dobhran; two owls from the wood of Faradhruim; two polecats from the
branchy wood on the side of Druim da Raoin, the Ridge of the Victories; two
gulls from the strand of Loch Leith; four woodpeckers from white Brosna; two
plovers from Carraigh Dhain; two thrushes from Leith Lomard; two wrens from Dun
Aoibh; two herons from Corrain Cleibh; two eagles from Carraig of the stones;
two hawks from Fiodh Chonnach; two sows from Loch Meilghe; two water-hens from
Loch Eme; two moor-hens from Monadh Maith; two sparrow-hawks from Dubhloch; two
stonechats from Magh Cuillean; two tomtits from Magh Tuaillainn; two swallows
from Sean Abhla; two cormorants from Aith Cliath; two wolves from Broit
Cliathach; two blackbirds from the Strand of the Two Women; two roebucks from
Luachair Ire; two pigeons from Ceas Chuir; two nightingales from Leiter Ruadh;
two starlings from green-sided Teamhair; two rabbits from Sith Dubh Donn; two
wild pigs from Cluaidh Chuir; two cuckoos from Drom Daibh; two lapwings from
Leanain na Furraich; two woodcocks from Craobh Ruadh; two hawks from the Bright
Mountain; two grey mice from Luimneach; two otters from the Boinn; two larks
from the Great Bog; two bats from the Cave of the Nuts; two badgers from the
province of Ulster; two landrail from the banks of the Sionnan; two wagtails
from Port Lairrge; two curlews from the harbour of Gallimh; two hares from
Muirthemne; two deer from Sith Buidhe; two peacocks from Magh Mell; two
cormorants from Ath Cliath; two eels from Duth Dur; two goldfinches from Slieve
na-n Eun; two birds of slaughter from Magh Bhuilg; two bright swallows from
Granard; two redbreasts from the Great Wood; two rock-cod from Cala Chairge; two
sea-pigs from the great sea; two wrens from Mios an Chuil; two salmon from Eas
Mhic Muirne; two clean deer from Gleann na Smoil; two cows from Magh Mor; two
cats from the Cave of Cruachan; two sheep from bright Sidhe Diobhlain; two pigs
of the pigs of the son of Lir; a ram and a crimson sheep from Innis.
And along with all these he brought ten hounds of the hounds of the Fianna,
and a horse and a mare of the beautiful horses of Manannan.
And when Caoilte had gathered all these, he brought them to the one place.
But when he tried to keep them together, they scattered here and there from him;
the raven went away southward, and that vexed him greatly, but he overtook it
again in Gleann da Bheann, beside Loch Lurcan. And then his wild duck went away
from him, and it was not easy to get it again, but he followed it through every
stream to grey Accuill till he took it by the neck and brought it back, and it
no way willing.
And indeed through the length of his life Caoilte remembered well all he went
through that time with the birds, big and little, travelling over hills and
ditches and striving to bring them with him, that he might set Finn his master
And when he came to Teamhair he had more to go through yet; for the king
would not let him bring them in before morning, but gave him a house having nine
doors in it to put them up in for the night. And no sooner were they put in than
they raised a loud screech all together, for a little ray of light was coming to
them through fifty openings, and they were trying to make their escape. And if
they were not easy in the house, Caoilte was not easy outside it, watching every
door till the rising of the sun on the morrow.
And when he brought out his troop, the name the people gave them was
"Caoilte's Rabble," and there was no wonder at all in that.
But all the profit the King of Ireland got from them was to see them together
for that one time. For no sooner did Finn get his freedom than the whole of them
scattered here and there, and no two of them went by the same road out of
And that was one of the best things Caoilte, son of Ronan, ever did. And
another time he ran from the wave of Cliodna in the south to the wave of
Rudraige in the north. And Colla his son was a very good runner too, and one
time he ran a race backwards against the three battalions of the Fianna for a
chessboard. And he won the race, but if he did, he went backward over Beinn
Edair into the sea.
And very good hearing Caoilte had. One time he heard the King of the Luigne
of Connacht at his hunting, and Blathmec that was with him said, "What is that
hunt, Caoilte?" "A hunt of three packs of hounds," he said, "and three sorts of
wild creatures before them. The first hunt;" he said, "is after stags and large
deer, and the second hunt is after swift small hares, and the third is a furious
hunt after heavy boars." "And what is the fourth hunt, Caoilte?" said Blathmec.
"It is the hunting of heavy-sided, low-bellied badgers." And then they heard
coming after the hunt the shouts of the lads and of the readiest of the men and
the serving-men that Were best at carrying burdens. And Blathmec went out to see
the hunting, and just as Caoilte had told him, that was the way it was.
And he understood the use of herbs, and one time he met with two women that
were very downhearted because their husbands had gone from them to take other
wives. And Caoilte gave them Druid herbs, and they put them in the water of a
bath and washed in it, and the love of their husbands came back to them, and
they sent away the new wives they had taken.
And as to Lugaidh's Son, that was of Finn's blood, and another of the best
men of the Fianna, he was put into Finn's arms as a child, and he was reared up
by Duban's daughter, that had reared eight hundred fighting men of the Fianna,
till his twelfth year, and then she gave him all he wanted of arms and of
armour, and he went to Chorraig Conluain and the mountains of Slieve Bladhma,
where Finn and the Fianna were at that time.
And Finn gave him a very gentle welcome, and he struck his hand in Finn's
hand, and made his agreement of service with him. And he stopped through the
length of a year with the Fianna; but he was someway sluggish through all that
time, so that under his leading not more than nine of the Fianna got to kill so
much as a boar or a deer. And along with that, he used to beat both his servants
and his hounds.
And at last the three battalions of the Fianna went to where Finn was, at the
Point of the Fianna on the edge of Loch Lein, and they made their complaint
against Lugaidh's Son, and it is what they said: "Make your choice now, will you
have us with you, or will you have Lugaidh's Son by himself."
Then Lugaidh's Son came to Finn, and Finn asked him, "What is it has put the
whole of the Fianna against you?" "By my word," said the lad, "I do not know the
reason, unless it might be they do not like me to be doing my feats and casting
my spears among them."
Then Finn gave him an advice, and it is what he said: "If you have a mind to
be a good champion, be quiet in a great man's house; be surly in the narrow
pass. Do not beat your hound without a cause; do not bring a charge against your
wife without having knowledge of her guilt; do not hurt a fool in fighting, for
he is without his wits. Do not find fault with high-up persons; do not stand up
to take part in a quarrel; have no dealings with a bad man or a foolish man. Let
two-thirds of your gentleness be showed to women and to little children that are
creeping on the floor, and to men of learning that make the poems, and do not be
rough with the common people. Do not give your reverence to all; do not be ready
to have one bed with your companions. Do not threaten or speak big words, for it
is a shameful thing to speak stiffly unless you can carry it out afterwards. Do
not forsake your lord so long as you live; do not give up any man that puts
himself under your protection for all the treasures of the world. Do not speak
against others to their lord, that is not work for a good man. Do not be a
bearer of lying stories, or a tale-bearer that is always chattering. Do not be
talking too much; do not find fault hastily; however brave you may be, do not
raise factions against you. Do not be going to drinking-houses, or finding fault
with old men; do not meddle with low people; this is right conduct I am telling
you. Do not refuse to share your meat; do not have a niggard for your friend; do
not force yourself on a great man or give him occasion to speak against you.
Hold fast to your arms till the hard fight is well ended. Do not give up your
opportunity, but with that follow after gentleness."
That was good advice Finn gave, and he was well able to do that; for it was
said of him that he had all the wisdom of a little child that is busy about the
house, and the mother herself not understanding what he is doing; and that is
the time she has most pride in him.
And as to Lugaidh's Son, that advice stayed always with him, and he changed
his ways, and after a while he got a great name among the poets of Ireland and
of Alban, and whenever they would praise Finn in their poems, they would praise
him as well.
And Aoife, daughter of the King of Lochlann, that was married to Mal, son of
Aiel, King of Alban, heard the great praise the poets were giving to Lugaidh's
Son, and she set her love on him for the sake of those stories.
And one time Mal her husband and his young men went hunting to
Slieve-mor-Monaidh in the north of Alban. And when he was gone Aoife made a plan
in her sunny house where she was, to go over to Ireland, herself and her nine
foster-sisters. And they set out and went over the manes of the sea till they
came to Beinn Edair, and there they landed.
And it chanced on that day there was a hunting going on, from Slieve Bladhma
to Beinn Edair. And Finn was in his hunting seat, and his fosterling,
brown-haired Duibhruinn, beside him. And the little lad was looking about him on
every side, and he saw a ship coming to the strand, and a queen with modest
looks in the ship, and nine women along with her. They landed then, and they
came up to where Finn was, bringing every sort of present with them, and Aoife
sat down beside him. And Finn asked news of her, and she told him the whole
story, and how she had given her love to Lugaidh's Son, and was come over the
sea looking for him; and Finn made her welcome.
And when the hunting was over, the chief men of the Fianna came back to where
Finn was, and every one asked who was the queen that was with him. And Finn told
them her name, and what it was brought her to Ireland. "We welcome her that made
that journey," said they all; "for there is not in Ireland or in Alban a better
man than the man she is come looking for, unless Finn himself."
And as to Lugaidh's Son, it was on the far side of Slieve Bladhma he was
hunting that day, and he was the last to come in. And he went into Finn's tent,
and when he saw the woman beside him he questioned Finn the same as the others
had done, and Finn told him the whole story. "And it is to you she is come," he
said; "and here she is to you out of my hand, and all the war and the battles
she brings with her; but it will not fall heavier on you," he said, "than on the
rest of the Fianna."
And she was with Lugaidh's Son a month and a year without being asked for.
But one day the three battalions of the Fianna were on the Hill of the Poet in
Leinster, and they saw three armed battalions equal to themselves coming,
against them, and they asked who was bringing them. "It is Mal, son of Aiel, is
bringing them," said Finn, "to avenge his wife on the Fianna. And it is a good
time they are come," he said, "when we are gathered together at the one spot."
Then the two armies went towards one another, and Mal, son of Aiel, took hold
of his arms, and three times he broke through the Fianna, and every time a
hundred fell by him. And in the middle of the battle he and Lugaidh's Son met,
and they fought against one another with spear and sword. And whether the fight
was short or long, it was Mal fell by Lugaidh's Son at the last.
And Aoife stood on a hill near by, as long as the battle lasted. And from
that out she belonged to Lugaidh's Son, and was a mother of children to him.