Cuchulain of Muirthemne
XX. Death of Cuchulain
Cuchulain went on then to the house of his mother, Dechtire, to bid her
farewell. And she came out on the lawn to meet him, for she knew well he was
going out to face the men of Ireland, and she brought out wine in a vessel to
him, as her custom was when he passed that way. But when he took the vessel in
his hand, it was red blood that was in it. "My grief!" he said, "my mother
Dechtire, it is no wonder others to forsake me, when you yourself offer me a
drink of blood." Then she filled the vessel a second, and a third tune, and each
time when she gave it to him, there was nothing in it but blood.
Then anger came on Cuchulain, and he dashed the vessel against a rock, and
broke it, and he said: "The fault is not in yourself, my mother Dechtire, but my
luck is turned against me, and my life is near its end, and I will not come back
alive this time from facing the men of Ireland." Then Dechtire tried hard to
persuade him to go back and to wait till he would have the help of Conall. "I
will not wait," he said, "for anything you can say; for I would not give up my
great name and my courage for all the riches of the world. And from the day I
first took arms till this day, I have never drawn back from a fight or a battle.
And it is not now I will begin to draw back," he said, "for a great name
Then he went on his way, and Cathbad, that had followed him, went with him.
And presently they came to a ford, and there they saw a young girl, thin and
white-skinned and having yellow hair, washing and ever washing, and wringing out
clothing that was stained crimson red, and she crying and keening all the time.
"Little Hound," said Cathbad, "do you see what it is that young girl is doing?
It is your red clothes she is washing, and crying as she washes, because she
knows you are going to your death against Maeve's great army. And take the
warning now and turn back again." "Dear master," said Cuchulain, "you have
followed me far enough; for I will not turn back from my vengeance on the men of
Ireland that are come to burn and to destroy my house and my country. And what
is it to me, the woman of the Sidhe to be washing red clothing for me? It is not
long till there will be clothing enough, and armour and aims, lying soaked in
pools of blood, by my own sword and my spear. And if you are sorry and loth to
let me go into the fight, I am glad and ready enough myself to go into it,
though I know as well as you yourself I must fall in it. Do not be hindering me
any more, then," he said, "for, if I stay or if I go, death will
meet me all the same. But go now to Emain, to Conchubar and to Emer, and bring
them life and health from me, for I will never go back to meet them again. It is
my grief and my wound, I to part from them! And O Laeg!" he said, "we are going
away under trouble and under darkness from Emer now, as it is often we came back
to her with gladness out of strange places and far countries."
Then Cathbad left him, and he went on his way. And after a while he saw three
hags, and they blind of the left eye, before him in the mad, and they having a
venomous hound they were cooking with charms on rods of the rowan tree. And he
was going by them, for he knew it was not for his good they were there.
But one of the bags called to him: "Stop a while with us, Cuchulain." "I will
not stop with you," said Cuchulain. "That is because we have nothing better than
a dog to give you," said the hag. "If we had a grand, big
cooking-hearth, you would stop and visit us; but because it is only a little we
have to offer you, you will not stop. But he that will not show respect for the
small, though he is great, he will get no respect himself."
Then he went over to her, and she gave him the shoulder-blade of the hound
out of her left hand, and he ate it out of his left hand. And he put it down on
his left thigh, and the hand that took it was struck down, and the thigh he put
it on was struck through and through, so that the strength that was in them
before left them.
Then he went dawn the road of Meadhon-Luachair, by Slieve Fuad, and his
enemy, Erc, son of Cairbre, saw him in the chariot, and his sword shining red in
his hand, and the light of his courage plain upon him, and his hair spread out
like threads of gold that change their colour on the edge of the anvil under the
smith's band, and the Crow of Battle in the air over his head.
"Cuchulain is coming at us," said Erc to the men of Ireland, "and let us be
ready for him." So they made a fence of shields linked together, and Erc put a
couple of the men that were strongest here and there, to let on to be fighting
one another, that they might call Cuchulain to them; and he put a Druid with
every couple of them, and he bid the Druid to ask Cuchulain's spears of him, for
it would be hard for him to refuse a Druid. For it was in the prophecy of the
children of Calatin that a king would be killed by each one of those spears in
And he bid the men of Ireland to give out shouts, and Cuchulain came against
them in his chariot, doing his three thunder feats, and he used his spear and
his sword in such a way, that their heads, and their hands, and their feet, and
their bones, were scattered through the plain of Muirthemne; like the sands on
the shore, like the stars in the sky, like the dew in May, like snow-flakes and
hailstones, like leaves of the trees, like buttercups in a meadow, like grass
under the feet of cattle on a fine summer day. It is red that plain was with the
slaughter Cuchulain made when he came crashing over it.
Then he saw one of the men that was put to quarrel with the other, and the
Druid called to him to come and hinder them, and Cuchulain leaped towards them.
"Your spear to me," cried the Druid. "I swear by the oath of my people," said
Cuchulain, "you are not so much in want of it as I am in want of it myself. The
men of Ireland are upon me," he said, "and I am upon them." "I will put a
bad name on you if you refuse it to me," said the Druid. "There was never a bad
name put on me yet, on account of any refusal of mine," said Cuchulain, and with
that he threw the spear at him, and it went through his head, and it killed the
men that were on the other side of him.
Then Cuchulain drove through the host, and Lugaid, son of Curoi, got the
spear. "Who is it will fall by this spear, children of Calatin?" said Lugaid. "A
king will fall by it," said they. Then Lugaid threw the spear at Cuchulain's
chariot, and it went through and hit the driver, Laeg, son of Riangabra, and he
fell back, and his bowels came out on the cushions of the chariot "My grief!"
said Laeg, "it is hard I am wounded." Then Cuchulain drew the spear out, and
Laeg said his farewell to him, and Cuchulain said:
"To-day I will be a fighter and a chariot-driver as well."
Then he saw the other two men that were put to quarrel with one another, and
one of them called out it would be a great shame for him not to give him his
help. Then Cuchulain leaped towards them. "Your spear to me, Cuchulain," said
the Druid. "I swear by the oath my people swear by," said he, "you are not in
such want of the spear as I am myself, for it is by my courage, and by my arms,
that I have to drive out the four provinces of Ireland that are sweeping over
Muirthemne to-day." "I will put a bad name upon you," said the Druid. "I am not
bound to give more than one gift in the day, and I have paid what is due to my
name already," said Cuchulain. Then the Druid said: "I will put a bad name on
the province of Ulster, because of your refusal."
"Ulster was never dispraised yet for any refusal of mine," said Cuchulain,
"or for anything I did unworthily. Though little of my life should be left to
me, Ulster will not be reproached for me to-day." With that he threw his spear
at him, and it went through his head, and through the heads of the nine men that
were behind him, and Cuchulain went through the host as he did before.
Then Erc, son of Cairbre Niafer, took up his spear. "Who will fall by this?"
he asked the children of Calatin. "A king will fall by it," they said. "I heard
you say the same thing of the spear that Lugaid threw a while ago," said Erc.
"That is true," said they, "and the king of the chariot-drivers of Ireland fell
by it, Cuchulain's driver Laeg, son of Riangabra."
With that, Erc threw the spear, and it went through the Grey of Macha.
Cuchulain drew the spear out, and they said farewell to one another. And then
the Grey went away from him, with half his harness hanging from his neck, and he
went into Clas-linn, the grey pool in Slieve Fuad.
Then Cuchulain drove through the host, and he saw the third couple disputing
together, and he went between them as he did before. And the Druid asked his
spear of him, but he refused him. "I will put a bad name on you," said the
Druid. "I have paid what is due to my name to-day," said he; "my honour does not
bind me to give more than one request in a day." "I will put a bad name upon
Ulster because of your refusal" "I have paid what is due for the honour of
Ulster," said Cuchulain. "Then I will put a bad name on your kindred," said the
Druid. "The news that I have been given a bad name shall never go back to that
place I am never to go back to myself; for it is little of my life that is left
to me," said Cuchulain. With that he threw his spear at him, and it went through
him, and through the heads of the men that were along with him.
"You do your kindness unkindly, Cuchulain," said the Druid, as he fell. Then
Cuchulain drove for the last time through the host, and Lugaid took the spear,
and he said: "Who will fall by this spear, children of Calatin?" "A king will
fall by it," said they. "I heard you saying that a king would fall by the spear
Erc threw a while ago." "That is true," they said, "and the Grey of Macha fell
by it, that was the king of the horses of Ireland".
Then Lugaid threw the spear, and it went through and through Cuchulain's
body, and he knew he had got his deadly wound; and his bowels came out on the
cushions of the chariot, and his only horse went away from him, the Black
Sainglain, with half the harness hanging from his neck, and left his master, the
king of the heroes of Ireland, to die upon the plain of Muirthemne.
Then Cuchulain said: "There is great desire on me to go to that lake beyond,
and to get a drink from it."
"We will give you leave to do that," they said, "if you will come back to us
"I will bid you come for me if I am not able to come back myself," said
Then he gathered up his bowels into his body, and he went down to the lake.
He drank a drink and he washed himself, and he returned back again to his death,
and he called to his enemies to come and meet him.
There was a pillar-stone west of the lake, and his eye lit on it, and he went
to the pillar-stone, and he tied himself to it with his breast-belt, the way he
would not meet his death lying down, but would meet it standing up. Then his
enemies came round about him, but they were in dread of going close to him, for
they were not sure but he might be still alive.
"It is a great shame for you," said Erc, son of Cairbre, "not to strike the
head off that man, in revenge for his striking the head off my father."
Then the Grey of Macha came back to defend Cuchulain as long as there was
life in him, and the hero-light was shining above him. And the Grey of Macha
made three attacks against them, and he killed fifty men with his teeth, and
thirty with each of his hoofs. So there is a saying: "It is not sharper work
than this was done by the Grey of Macha, the time of Cuchulain's death."
Then a bird came and settled on his shoulder. "It is not on that pillar birds
were used to settle," said Erc.
Then Lugaid came and lifted up Cuchulain's hair from his shoulders, and
struck his head off, and the men of Ireland gave three heavy shouts, and the
sword fell from Cuchulain's hand, and as it fell, it struck off Lugaid's right
hand, so that it fell to the ground. Then they cut off Cuchulain's hand, in
satisfaction for it, and then the light faded away from about Cuchulain's head,
and left it as pale as the snow of a single night. Then all the men of Ireland
said that as it was Maeve had gathered the army, it would be right for her to
bring away the head to Cruachan. "I will not bring it with me; it is for Lugaid
that struck it off to bring it with him," said Maeve. And then Lugaid and his
men went away, and they brought away Cuchulain's head and his right hand with
them, and they went south, towards the Lifé river.
At that time the army of Ulster was gathering to attack its enemies, and
Conall was out before them, and he met the Grey of Macha, and his share of blood
dripping from him. And then he knew that Cuchulain was dead, and himself and the
Grey of Macha went looking for Cuchulain's body. And when they saw his
body at the pillar-stone, the Grey of Macha went and laid his head in
Cuchulain's breast: "That body is a heavy care to the Grey of Macha," said
Then Conall went after the army, thinking in his own mind what way he could
get satisfaction for Cuchulain's death. For it was a promise between himself and
Cuchulain that whichever of them would be killed the first, the other would get
satisfaction for his death.
"And if I am the first that is killed," said Cuchulain at that time, "how
long will it be before you get satisfaction for me?"
"Before the evening of the same day," said Conall, "I will have got
satisfaction for you. And if it is I that will die before you," he said, "how
long will it be before you get satisfaction for me?"
"Your share of blood will not be cold on the ground," said Cuchulain, "when I
will have got satisfaction for you."
So Conall followed after Lugaid to the river Lifé.
Lugaid was going down to bathe in the water, but he said to his
chariot-driver: "Look out there over the plain, for fear would any one come at
The chariot-driver looked around him. "There is a man coming on us," he said,
"and it is in a great hurry he is coming; and you would think he has all the
ravens in Ireland flying over his head, and there are flakes of snow speckling
the ground before him."
"It is not in friendship the man comes that is coming like that," said
Lugaid. "It is Conall Ceaniach it is, with Dubdearg, and the birds that you see
after him, they are the sods the horse has scattered in the air from his hoofs,
and the flakes of snow that are speckling the ground before him, they are the
froth that he scatters from his mouth and from the bit of his bridle. Look
again," said Lugaid, "and see what way is he coming." "It is to the ford he is
coming, the same way the army passed over," said the chariot-driver. "Let him
pass by us," said Lugaid, "for I have no mind to fight with him."
But when Conall came to the middle of the ford, he saw Lugaid and his
chariot-driver, and he went over to them. "Welcome is the sight of a debtor's
face," said Conall. "The man you owe a debt to is asking payment of you now, and
I myself am that man," he said, "for the sake of my comrade, Cuchulain, that you
killed. And I am standing here now, to get that debt paid."
They agreed then to fight it out on the plain of Magh Argetnas, and in the
fight Conall wounded Lugaid with his spear. From that they went to a place
called Ferta Lugdac. "I would like that you would give me fair play," said
Lugaid. "What fair play?" said Conall Cearnach.
"That you and I should fight with one hand," said he, "for I have the use of
but one hand."
"I will do that," said Conan. Then Conall's hand was bound to his side with a
cord, and then they fought for a long time, and one did not get the better of
the other. And when Conall was not gaining on him, his horse, Dubdearg, that was
near by, came up to Lugaid, and took a bite out of his side.
"Misfortune on me," said Lugaid, "it is not right or fair that is of you,
"It was for myself to do what is right and fair," said Conall.
"I made no promise for a beast, that is without training and without sense."
"It is well I know you will not leave me till you take my head, as I took
Cuchulain's head from him," said Lugaid. "Take it, then, along with your own
head. Put my kingdom with your kingdom, and my courage with your courage; for I
would like that you would be the best champion in Ireland."
Then Conall made an end of him, and he went back, bringing Cuchulain's head
along with him to the pillar stone where his body was.
And by that time Emer had get word of all that had happened, and that her
husband had got his death by the men of Ireland, and by the powers of the
children of Calatin. And it was Levarcham brought her the story, for Conall
Cearnach had met her on his way, and had bade her go and bring the news to Emain
Macha; and there she found Emer, and she sitting in her upper room, looking over
the plain for some word from the battle.
And all the women came out to meet Levarcham, and when they heard her story,
they made an outcry of grief and sharp cries, with loud weeping and burning
tears; and there were long dismal sounds going through Emain, and the whole
country round was filled with crying. And Emer and her women went to the place
where Cuchulain's body was, and they gathered round it there, and gave
themselves to crying and keening.
And when Conall came back to the place, he laid the head with the body of
Cuchulain, and he began to lament along with them, and it is what he said: "It
is Cuchulain had prosperity on him, a root of valour from the time he was but a
soft child; there never fell a better hero than the hero that fell by Lugaid of
the Lands. And there are many are in want of you," he said, "and until all the
chief men of Ireland have fallen by me, it is not fitting there should ever be
"It is grief to me, he to have gone into the battle without Conall being at
his side; it was a pity for him to go there without my body beside his body.
Och! it is he was my foster-son, and now the ravens are drinking his blood;
there will not be either laughter or mirth, since the Hound has gone astray from
"Let us bury Cuchulain now," said Emer. "It is not right to do that," said
Conall, "until I have avenged him on the men of Ireland. And it is a great
shouting I hear about the plain of Muirthemne, and it is full the country is of
crying after Cuchulain; and it is good at keeping the country and watching the
boundaries the man was that is here before me, a cross-hacked body in a pool of
blood. And it is well it pleased Lugaid, son of Curoi, to be at the killing of
Cuchulain, for it was Cuchulain killed the chiefs and the children of Deaguid
round Famain, son of Foraoi, and round Curoi, son of Daire himself. And
this shouting has taken away my wits and my memory from me," he said, "and it is
hard for me, Cuchulain not to answer these cries, and I to be without him now;
for there is not a champion in Ireland that was not in dread of the sword in his
hand. And it is broken in halves my heart is for my brother, and I will
bring my revenge through Ireland now, and I will not leave a tribe without
wounding, or true blood without spilling, and the whole world will be told of my
rout to the end of life and time, until the men of Munster and Connaught and
Leinster will be crying for the rising they made against him. And without the
spells of the children of Calatin, the whole of them would not have been able to
do him to death."
After that complaint, rage and madness came on Conall, and he went forward in
his chariot to follow after the rest of the men of Ireland, the same way as
he had followed after Lugaid.
And Emer took the head of Cuchulain in her hands, and she washed it clean,
and put a silk cloth about it, and she held it to her breast; and she began to
cry heavily over it, and it is what she said:
"Ochone!" said she, "it is good the beauty of this head was, though it is low
this day, and it is many of the kings and princes of the world would be keening
it if they knew the way it is now, and the poets and the Druids of Ireland and
of Alban; and many were the goods and the jewels and the rents and the tributes
that you brought home to me from the countries of the world, with the courage
and the strength of your hands!"
And she made this complaint:
"Och, head! Ochone, O head! you gave death to great heroes, to many hundreds;
my head will lie in the same grave, the one Stone will be made for both of us.
"Och, hand! Ochone, hand that was once gentle. It is often it was put under
my head; it is dear that hand was to me!
"Dear mouth! Ochone, kind mouth that was sweet-voiced telling stories; since
the time love first came on your face, you never refused either weak or strong!
"Dear the man, dear the man, that would kill the whole of a great host; dear
his cold bright hair, and dear his bright cheeks!
"Dear the king, dear the king, that never gave a refusal to any; thirty days
it is to-night since my body lay beside your body.
"Och, two spears! Ochone, two spears, Och, shield! Och, deadly sword! Let
them be given to Conall of the battles; there was never any wage given like
"I am glad, I am glad, Cuchulain of Muirthemne, I never brought red shame on
your face, for any unfaithfulness against you.
"Happy are they, happy are they, who will never hear the cuckoo again for
ever, now that the Hound has died from us.
"I am carried away like a branch on the stream; I will not bind up my hair
to-day. From this day I have nothing to say that is better than Ochone!"
And then she said: "It is long that it was showed to me in a vision of the
night, that Cuchulain would fall by the men of Ireland, and it appeared to me
Dundealgan to be falling to the ground, and his shield to be split from lip to
border, and his sword and his spears broken in the middle, and I saw Conall
doing deeds of death before me, and myself and yourself in the one death. And
oh! my love," she said, "we were often in one another's company, and it was
happy for us; for if the world had been searched from the rising of the sun to
sunset, the like would never have been found in one place, of the Black
Sainglain and the Grey of Macha, and Laeg the chariot-driver, and myself and
Cuchulain. And it is breaking my heart is in my body, to be listening to the
pity and the sorrowing of women and men, and the harsh crying of the young men
of Ulster keening Cuchulain, and Ulster to be in its weakness, and without
strength to revenge itself upon the men of Ireland."
And after she made that complaint, she brought Cuchulain's body to
Dundealgan; and they all cried and keened about him until such time as Conall
Cearnach came back from making his red rout through the army of the men of
For he was not satisfied to make a slaughter of the men of Munster and
Connaught, without reddening his hand in the blood of Leinster as well.
And when he had done that, he came to Dundealgan, and his men along with him,
but they made no rejoicing when they went back that time. And he brought the
heads of the men of Ireland along with him in a gad, and he laid them out on the
green lawn, and the people of the house gave three great shouts when they saw
And Emer came out, and when she saw Conall Cearnach, she said: "My great
esteem and my welcome before you, king of heroes, and may your many wounds not
be your death; for you have avenged the treachery done on Ulster, and now what
you have to do is to make our grave, and to lay us together in the grave, for I
will not live after Cuchulain.
"And tell me, Conall," she said, "whose are those heads all around on the
lawn, and which of the great men of Ireland did they belong to?"
And she was asking, and Conall was answering, and it is what she said:
"Tell me, Conall, whose are those heads, for surely you have reddened your
arms with them. Tell me the names of the men whose heads are there upon the
And Conall said: "Daughter of Forgall of the Horses, young Emer of the sweet
words, it is in revenge for the Hound of Feats I brought these heads here from
"Whose is the great black head, with the smooth cheek redder than a rose; it
is at the far end, on the left side, the head that has not changed its colour?"
"It is the head of the king of Meath, Erc, son of Cairbre of Swift Horses; I
brought his head with me from far off, in revenge for my own foster-son."
"Whose is that head there before me, with soft hair, with smooth eyebrows,
its eyes like ice, its teeth like blossoms; that head is more beautiful in shape
than the others?"
"A son of Maeve; a destroyer of harbours, yellow-haired Maine, man of horses;
I left his body without a head; all his people fell by my hand."
"O great Conall, who did not fail us, whose head is this you hold in your
hand? Since the Hound of Feats is not living, what do you bring in satisfaction
for his head?"
"The head of the son of Fergus of the Horses, a destroyer in every
battle-field, my sister's son of the narrow tower; I have struck his head from
"Whose is that head to the west, with fair hair, the head that is spoiled
with grief? I used to know his voice; I was for a while his friend."
"That is he that struck down the Hound, Lugaid, son of Curoi of the Rhymes.
His body was laid out straight and fair, I struck his head off afterwards."
"Whose are those two heads farther out, great Conall of good judgment? For
the sake of your friendship, do not hide the names of the men put down by your
"The heads of Laigaire and Clar Cuilt, two men that fell by my wounds. It was
they wounded faithful Cuchulain; I made my weapons red in their blood."
"Whose are those heads farther to the east, great Conall of bright deeds? The
hair of the two is of the one colour; their cheeks are redder than a calf's
"Brave Cullain and hardy Cunlaid, two that were used to overcome in their
anger. There to the east, Emer, are their heads; I left their bodies in a red
"Whose are those three heads with evil looks I see before me to the north?
Their faces blue, their hair black; even hard Conall's eye turns from them."
"Three of the enemies of the Hound, daughters of Calatin, wise in
enchantments; they are the three witches killed by me, their weapons in their
"O great Conall, father of kings, whose is that head that would overcome in
the battle? His bushy hair is gold-yellow; his headdress is smooth and white
"It is the head of the son of Red-Haired Ross, son of Necht Min, that died by
my strength. This, Emer, is his head; the high king of Leinster of Speckled
"O great Conall, change the story. How many of the men that harmed him fell
by your hand that does not fail, in satisfaction for the head of Cuchulain?"
"It is what I say, ten and seven scores of hundreds is the number that fell,
back to back, by the anger of my hard sword and of my people."
"O ConaIl, what way are they, the women of Ireland, after the Hound? Are they
mourning the son of Sualtim? are they showing respect through their grief?"
"O Emer, what shall I do without my Cuchulain, my fine nurseling, going in
and out from me, to-night?"
"O Conall, lift me to the grave. Raise my stone over the grave of the Hound;
since it is through grief for him I go to death, lay my mouth to the mouth of
"I am Emer of the Fair Form; there is no more vengeance for me to find; I
have no love for any man. It is sorrowful my stay is after the Hound."
And after that Emer bade Conall to make a wide, very deep grave for Cuchulain;
and she laid herself down beside her gentle comrade, and she put her mouth to
his mouth, and she said: "Love of my life, my friend, my sweetheart, my one
choice of the men of the earth, many is the woman, wed or unwed, envied me tili
to-day: and now I will not stay living after you."
And her life went out from her, and she herself and Cuchulain were laid in
the one grave by Conall. And he raised the one stone over them, and he wrote
their names in Ogham, and be himself and all the men of Ulster keened them.
But the three times fifty queens that loved Cuchulain saw him appear in his
Druid chariot, going through Emain Macha; and they could hear him singing the
music of the Sidhe.
Cuchulain by John Duncan