Howard Pyle's King
Arthur and his Knights
Upon a certain day King Arthur sat in the Royal Hall of Camelot with the Queen and all
of his Court and all of her Court. And there was great joy and mirth at that place.
Whiles they sat there, there suddenly came an armed knight into the Hall, and his armor
was all covered with blood and dust, and he had a great many wounds upon his body. Then
all they who were at that place were astonished and affrighted at the aspect of that
knight, for his appearance boded no good news to King Arthur. The knight-messenger came to
where the King was, and he was nearly fainting with weakness and with the many wounds he
had received, and he brought news unto those who were there present that five kings,
enemies to King Arthur, had suddenly come into that land and that they were burning and
harrying the country upon every side.
And the knight-messenger said that these five kings were the King of Denmark, the King
of Ireland, the King of Soleyse, the King of the Vale, and the King of Longtinaise. These
had brought with them a great host and were laying waste the land all around about, so
that all the realm was in sore travail and sorrow because of their devastations.
Upon this news, King Arthur smote his palms together with great vehemence and cried
out, "Alas! who would be a king! Will the time never come when these wars and
disturbances shall cease and we shall have entire peace in this land!" Therewith he
arose in great agitation and went out from that place, and all who were there were in sore
So King Arthur immediately sent messengers to two friendly kings who were nearest to
him - to wit, to King Pellinore and to King Uriens of Gore - and he bade them to come to
his aid without any loss of time. Meantime he himself gathered together a large army with
intent to go forth to meet his enemies forthwith.
So he went forth and upon the third day he came with his army unto the forest of
Tintagalon and there he stayed with intent to rest for a little until King Pellinore and
King Uriens should have joined him. But the five kings, his enemies, had news that King
Arthur was at that place, and thereupon they made a forced march through North Wales with
intent to strike him ere those other two kings could come to his aid. So they came by
night to where King Arthur was, and they fell upon him so unexpectedly that there was
great danger of his army being put to rout before that assault.
But King Arthur drew his army together by his own courage and large-heartedness, and so
they defended themselves with a great spirit until King Pellinore appeared with his army
and joined in that battle.
So in the end King Arthur won a great victory over his enemies; for they were put to
rout and scattered in every direction. Likewise by means of that war, and because of the
submissions of these five kings, King Arthur recovered all that realm that had once been
his father's, and more besides.
Now in that war eight of the knights of the Round Table lost their lives, King Arthur
mourned their loss with great dolor; for these were the first knights of the Round Table
who had lost their lives in doing battle in his defence.
Whilst King Arthur was grieving very sorely for these eight knights, Merlin came unto
him, and said, "Be not downcast, lord, for lo! thou hast many excellent knights still
left about thee and thou canst certainly not have a very great deal of trouble in filling
those eight places that have been thus made empty by death. Now if thou followest my
counsel, thou must choose some very worthy adviser from the knights-companion of thy Round
Table, and thou wilt consult with him in this matter (for the counsel of two is better
than the counsel of one), and between ye ye may fill those places made vacant by
This counsel appeared very good to King Arthur, so he did as Merlin advised. For that
morning he summoned King Pellinore to his privy closet and laid the matter before him and
they two communed together thereupon. In that consultation King Pellinore advised King
Arthur in this wise: That there should be four old and worthy knights chosen to fill four
of those empty seats, and that there should be four young and ardent knights chosen to
fill the other four seats, and in that manner all those eight seats should be filled.
Now that advice appeared to King Arthur to be good, wherefore he said, "Let it be
that way." So first they two chose the four old knights as follows: There was King
Uriens of Gore, and King Lac, and Sir Hervise de Reuel, and Sir Galliar of Rouge. And from
the younger knights of the Court they chose Marvaise of Leisle, and Sir Lionel, the son of
King Ban of Benwick, and Sir Cadar of Cornwall. So that there was one place yet to be
Now it was a very hard thing to determine who should fill that place, for there were at
that time two very honorable young knights at the Court. One of these was Sir Baudemagus,
a young knight, brother of Sir Ewaine and son of King Uriens of Gore and Queen Morgana le
Fay (which lady was half-sister unto King Arthur as hath been aforetold). And the other
young knight was Sir Tor who, though late come to the Court, had performed several very
famous adventures. And Sir Tor was a son of King Pellinore (though not of his Queen), and
King Pellinore loved him a very great deal.
Then King Pellinore said to King Arthur, "Lord, there are certainly but two
knights in all thy Court to choose from for to fill this eighth seat at the Round Table:
one of these is thy sister's son, Sir Baudemagus, and the other is my son, Sir Tor. Now I
may not advise thee in this matter, wherefore do thou, Lord, choose the one or the other
of these young knights to fill that place. But this I may say, that it will please me very
greatly if thy favor should fall upon Sir Baudemagus, for then will all the world believe
that I have been above reproach in my dealings in this affair, whereas should Sir Tor be
chosen all men would say that I favored mine own son."
Then King Arthur meditated upon this matter for a long while and by and by he spoke and
said, "Sir, I have weighed this whole affair, and it is my belief that Sir Tor is the
better knight of those twain. For he hath performed several very excellent adventures,
whilst Sir Baudemagus, though a worthy knight, hath not yet made manifest any very great
achievement in the fields of chivalry. So, in God's name, let Sir Tor be seated as
companion of the Round Table."
Then King Pellinore said, "So be it," and thereupon they both arose and went
forth from that place.
And, lo! that very moment the names of those eight worthies so chosen appeared each
upon the back of the seat at the Round Table that appertained unto him, and so the
decision of those two knights was confirmed in the sight of all the world in that manner.
Now when the word of all this reached the ears of Queen Morgana le Fay she was greatly
affronted that Sir Baudemagus, her son, should have been passed by and that another should
have been chosen in his stead. Wherefore she cried out against King Arthur in the hearing
of several people, saying: "Ha! how is this! is blood and kinship of no account in
the eyes of this King that he passes by so worthy a knight as his own nephew to choose one
who is not of lawful birth in his stead? Now, my husband's house has suffered many
grievous ills at the hands of King Arthur, for, lo! he hath taken away our royal power and
hath made us all little better than captives in his own Court. This in itself is as great
an affront as though we were his bitter enemies instead of his nigh of kin. But this that
he hath now done to my son in thus passing him by is a greater affront than that
And Queen Morgana le Fay spake in this wise not only to King Uriens, who was her
husband, but to Sir Ewaine and to Sir Baudemagus, who were her sons. But King Uriens of
Gore rebuked her for her speech, for he had grown to love King Arthur very much because of
the high nobility of his nature, and likewise Sir Ewaine rebuked her saying that he would
listen to no ill thing said of King Arthur, for that not only did he love King Arthur
better than anyone else in all the world, but that the King was at once the looking-glass
of all knighthood and likewise the very fountain-head of honor.
So spake these two; but Sir Baudemagus hearkened to what his mother, Queen Morgana
said, for he was very angry with King Arthur because the King had passed him by. Wherefore
he took his departure from the Court without asking leave of King Arthur and went errant
in quest of adventure, and at this King Arthur was very sorry.
Now, as aforesaid, Queen Morgana le Fay spake her indignation to several other people
of the Court, so that word thereof came at last to the ears of King Arthur and grieved him
a very great deal. So when Queen Morgana came to him one day and besought his leave for to
quit the Court, he spake to her with great sadness of spirit, saying, "My sister, I
am very sorry that you are not pleased with what I have done in this matter, for God knows
that I have endeavored to do to the best of my power. And though I would rather a great
deal that Sir Baudemagus were fellow of the Round Table, yet it was my very honest belief
that, for several reasons, Sir Tor had the best right to a seat at that Table. Now if I
chose otherwise than according to my right judgment, what virtue would the Round Table
have, seeing that I should have shown favor unto a man because of his kinship to me?"
Then Queen Morgana le Fay said with great heat, "Sir, all that you say only adds
to the affront that our house hath sustained at your hands. For now you not only deny my
son that seat, but you belittle him by comparing him to his disadvantage with this
low-born knight whom you have chosen. Now, the only pleasure that I can have in talking to
you is to beseech you to let me go away from this place."
Then King Arthur, speaking with great dignity, said, "Lady, it shall be as you
would have it, and you shall go whithersoever it pleases you. For God forbid that I should
stay you in your wishes. Moreover, I shall see to it that you shall not depart from this
place without such a Court for company as may very well befit one who is the wife of one
king and the sister of another."
And so he did as he said he would do, for he sent Queen Fay away from his Court with
great honor and in high estate of circumstance. But the more patient King Arthur was with
her and the more he showed her favor, the more angry Queen Morgana le Fay was with him and
the more she hated him.
So she betook her way to an estuary of the sea and there she dismissed those whom the
King had sent with her and embarked with her own Court in several ships, betaking her way
to that enchanted isle, hight Avalon, which was her home.
This island of Avalon was a very strange, wonderful land, such as was not to be seen
anywhere else in all the world. For it was like a Paradise for beauty, being covered all
over with divers gardens of flowers, intermingled with plantations of fair trees, some
bearing fruit and others all a-bloom with blossoms. And besides these were many terraces
of lawns, and smooth slopes of grass lying all about the borders of the island, and
overlooking the sea from tall white walls of pure marble. And in the midst of these
gardens and orchards and plantations and lawns and terraces, were a multitude of castles
and towers built up the one above the other - some as white as snow and others very gay
with many colors.
And the greatest marvel of that wonderful island was this: that in the midst of all
those castles and towers was a single tower built entirely of loadstone. And in that lay
the great mystery of that place.
For the island floated upon the surface of the water, and that tower of loadstone
possessed such a potency that Avalon would float from place to place according to the will
of Queen Morgana le Fay, so that sometimes it would be here, and sometimes it would be
there, as that royal lady willed it to be.
Nor was there a very many people who had seen that island, for some-whiles it would be
all covered over with a mist of enchantment like to silver, so that no eyes could behold
it unless they were fay. But sometimes it had been seen, as it were a vision of Paradise.
What time he who beheld it would hear gay voices sounding from its lawns and plantations -
very thin and clear because of the great distance (for no one ever came nigh to Avalon
unless by authority of Queen Morgana le Fay), and he would hear music of so sweet a sort
that it was likely that his soul would grow all faint because of the music. Then Avalon
would suddenly disappear very marvellously, and he who had seen it would be aware that it
was not likely that he would ever see it again.
Such was the island of Avalon, and if you would read of it more particularly you shall
find much about it in a certain book written in French and called "Ogier le
Queen Morgana le Fay loved this island a very great deal, and it is said by many that
King Arthur is yet alive in that place, lying there very peacefully and tranquilly whiles
he awaits that certain time when he shall return unto the world to make right all that is
wrong therein. So it is I have told you of it with these particulars at this place.