Howard Pyle's King
Arthur and his Knights
Chapter Third. How King Arthur Overcame the Knight-Exchanter, and How Sir Gawaine
Manifested the High Nobility of His Knighthood.
Now, when King Arthur came to the castle, the gateway thereof was immediately opened to
him and he entered. And when he had entered, sundry attendants came and conducted him into
the hall where he had aforetime been. There he beheld the knight of that castle and a
great many people who had come to witness the conclusion of the adventure. And when the
knight beheld King Arthur he said to him, "Sir, hast thou come to redeem thy
returneth to the pledge?" "Yea," said King Arthur, "for so l made my
vow to thee." Then the knight of the castle said, "Sir, hast thou evil knight.
guessed that riddle?" And King Arthur said, "I believe that I have." The
knight of the castle said, "Then let me hear thy answer thereto. But if thou makest
any mistake, or if thou dost not guess aright, then is thy life forfeit." "Very
well," said King Arthur, "let it be that way. Now this is the answer to thy
riddle: That which a woman most desires is to have her will."
Now when the lord of the castle heard King Arthur guess aright he wist not what to say
or where to look, and those who were there also perceived that the King had guessed
Then King Arthur came very close to that knight with great sternness of demeanor, and
he said, "Now, thou traitor knight! thou didst ask me to enter into thy sport with
thee a year ago, so at these present it is my turn to ask thee to have sport with me. And
this is the sport I will have, that thou shalt give me that chain and locket that hang
about thy neck, and that I shall give thee the collar which hangeth about my neck."
At this, the face of that knight fell all pale, like to ashes, and he emitted a sound
similar to the sound made by a hare when the hound lays hold upon it. Then King Arthur
catched him very violently by the arm, and he catched the locket and brake it away from
about the knight's neck, and upon that the knight shrieked very loud, and fell down upon
his knees and besought mercy of the King, and there was great uproar in that place.
Then King Arthur opened the locket and lo! there was a ball as of crystal, very clear
and shining. And King Arthur said, "I will have no mercy," and therewith he
flung the ball violently down upon the stone of the pavement so that it brake with a loud
noise. Then, upon that instant, the knight-conjurer gave a piercing bitter cry and fell
down upon the ground; and when they ran to raise him up, behold! he was entirely dead.
Now when the people of that castle beheld their knight thus suddenly dead, and when
they beheld King Arthur how he stood in the fury of his kingly majesty, they were greatly
afeared so that they shrunk away from the King where he stood. Then the King turned and
went out from that castle and no one stayed him, and he mounted his horse and rode away,
and no one gave him let or hindrance in his going.
Now when the King had left the castle in that wise, he went straight to the hut where
was the old beldame and he said to her, "Thou hast holpen me a very great deal in
mine hour of need, so now will I fulfil that pledge which I made unto thee, for I will
take thee unto my Court and thou shalt choose one of my knights for thy husband. For I
think there is not one knight in all my Court but would be very glad to do anything that
lieth in his power to reward one who hath saved me as thou hast done this day."
Therewith he took that old woman and he lifted her up upon the crupper of his horse;
then he himself mounted upon his horse, and so they rode away from that place. And the
King comported himself to that aged beldame in all ways with the utmost consideration as
though she had been a beautiful dame of the highest degree in the land. Likewise he showed
her such respect that had she been a lady of royal blood, he could not have shown greater
respect to her.
So in due time they reached the Court, which was then at Carleon. And they came there
nigh about mid-day.
Now about that time it chanced that the Queen and a number of the lords of the Court,
and a number of the ladies of the Court, were out in the fields enjoying the pleasantness
of the Maytime; for no one in all the world, excepting the esquire, Boisenard, knew
anything of the danger that beset King Arthur; hence all were very glad of the
pleasantness of the season. Now as King Arthur drew nigh to that place, these lifted up
their eyes and beheld him come, and they were astonished beyond all measure to see King
Arthur come to them across that field with that old beldame behind him upon the saddle,
wherefore they stood still to wait until King Arthur reached them.
But when King Arthur had come to them, he did not dismount from his horse, but sat
thereon and regarded them all very steadfastly; and Queen Guinevere said, "Sir, what
is this? Hast thou a mind to play some merry jest this day that thou hast brought hither
that old woman?"
"Lady," said King Arthur, "excepting for this old woman it were like to
have been a very sorry jest for thee and for me; for had she not aided me I would now have
been a dead man and in a few days you would doubtless all have been in great passion of
Then all they who were there marvelled very greatly at the King's words. And the Queen
said, "Sir, what is it that hath befallen thee?"
Thereupon King Arthur told them all that had happened to him from the very beginning
when he and Boisenard had left the castle of Tintagalon. And when he had ended his story,
they were greatly amazed.
Now there were seventeen lords of the Court there present. So when King Arthur had
ended his story, he said unto these, "Messires, I have given my pledge unto this aged
woman that any one of you whom she may choose, shall take her unto him as his wife, and
shall treat her with all the regard that it is possible for him to do; for this was the
condition that she laid upon me. Now tell me, did I do right in making unto her my pledge
that I would fulfil that which she desired?" And all of those who were present said,
"Yea, lord, thou didst right, for we would do all in the world for to save thee from
such peril as that from which thou hast escaped."
Then King Arthur said to that old woman, "Lady, is there any of these knights here
whom you would choose for to be your husband?" Upon this, the old woman pointed with
her very long, bony finger unto Sir Gawaine, saying, " Yea, I would marry that lord,
for I see by the chain that is around his neck and by the golden circlet upon his hair and
by the haughty nobility of his aspect, that he must be the son of a king."
Then King Arthur said unto Sir Gawaine, "Sir, art thou willing to fulfil my pledge
unto this old woman?" And Sir Gawaine said, "Yea, lord, whatsoever thou
requirest of me, that will I do." So Sir Gawaine came to the old woman and took her
hand into his and set it to his lips; and not one of all those present so much as smiled.
Then they all turned their faces and returned unto the King's castle; and they were very
silent and downcast, for this was sore trouble that had come upon that Court.
Now after they had returned unto the Court, they assigned certain apartments therein to
that old woman, and they clad her in rich raiment such as a queen might wear, and they
assigned unto her a Court such as was fit for a queen; and it seemed to all the Court
that, in the rich robes which she wore, she was ten times more ugly than she was before.
So when eleven days had passed, Sir Gawaine was wedded to that old woman in the chapel of
the King's Court with great ceremony and pomp of circumstance, and all of those who were
there were as sad and as sorrowful as though Sir Gawaine had been called upon to suffer
Afterward that they were married, Sir Gawaine and the old woman went to Sir Gawaine's
house and there Sir Gawaine shut himself off from all the world and suffered no one to
come nigh him; for he was proud beyond all measure, and in this great humiliation he
suffered in such a wise that words cannot tell how great was that humiliation. Wherefore
he shut himself away from the world that no one might behold his grief and his shame.
And all the rest of that day he walked continually up and down his chamber, for he was
altogether in such despair that it came unto his mind that it would be well if he took his
own life; for it seemed to him impossible for to suffer such shame as that which had come
upon him. So after a while it fell the dark of the early night and therewith a certain
strength came to Sir Gawaine and he said, "This is a shame for me for to behave in
this way; for since I have married that lady she is my true wedded wife and I do not treat
her with that regard unto which she hath the right." So he went out of that place and
sought the apartment of that old woman who was his wife, and by that time it was
altogether dark. But when Sir Gawaine had come into that place where she was, that old
woman upbraided him, crying out upon him, "So, Sir! You have treated me but ill upon
this our wedding-day, for you have stayed all the afternoon away from me and now only come
to me when it is dark night." And Sir Gawaine said, "Lady, I could not help it,
for I was very sore oppressed with many cares. But if I have disregarded thee this day, I
do beseech thy forgiveness therefore, and I will hold myself willing to do all that is in
my power to recompense thee for any neglect that I have placed upon thee." Then the
lady said, "Sir, it is very dark in this place; let us then have a light."
"It shall be as thou dost desire," said Sir Gawaine, "and I, myself, will
go and fetch a light for thee."
So Sir Gawaine went forth from that place and he brought two waxen tapers, one in
either hand, and he bore them in candlesticks of gold; for he was minded to show all
respect unto that old woman. And when he came into the room he perceived that she was at
the farther end of the apartment and he went toward her, and she arose and stood before
him as he approached.
But when the circle of light fell upon that old woman, and when Sir Gawaine beheld her
who stood before him, he cried out aloud in a very great voice because of the great marvel
and wonder of that which he saw. For, instead of that old woman whom he had left, he
beheld a lady of extraordinary beauty and in the very flower of her youth. And he beheld
that her hair was long and glossy and very black, and that her eyes were likewise black
like to black jewels, and that her lips were like coral, and her teeth were like pearls.
So, for a while, Sir Gawaine could not speak, and then he cried out, "Lady! lady! who
Then that lady smiled upon Sir Gawaine with such loving-kindness that he wist not what
to think, other than that this was an angel who had descended to that place out of
paradise. Wherefore he stood before her for a long time and could find no more words to
say, and she continued to smile upon him very kindly in that wise. Then by and by Sir
Gawaine said to her, "Lady, where is that dame who is my wife?" And the lady
said, "Sir Gawaine, I am she." "It is not possible," cried out Sir
Gawaine, "for she was old and extraordinarily ugly, but I believe that thou art
beautiful beyond any lady whom I have beheld." And the lady said, "Nevertheless,
I am she and because thou hast taken me for thy wife with thine own free will and with
great courtesy, so is a part of that enchantment that lay upon me removed from me. For I
will now be able to appear before thee in mine own true shape. For whiles I was a little
while ago so ugly and foul as thou didst behold me to be, now am I to be as thou seest me,
for one-half the day - and the other half thereof I must be ugly as I was before."
Then Sir Gawaine was filled beyond all words with great joy. And with that joy there
came an extreme passion of loving regard for that lady. So he cried out aloud several
times, " This is surely the most wonderful thing that ever befell any man in all the
world." Therewith he fell down upon his knees and took that lady's hands into his own
hands, and kissed her hands with great fervor, and all the while she smiled upon him as
she had done at first.
Then again the lady said, "Come, sit thee down beside me and let us consider what
part of the day I shall be in the one guise, and what part of the day I shall be in the
other guise; for all day I may have the one appearance, and all night I may have the other
Then Sir Gawaine said, "I would have thee in this guise during the night time, for
then we are together at our own inn; and since thou art of this sort that I now see thee,
I do not at all reckon how the world may regard thee."
Upon this the lady spake with great animation, saying, "No, sir, I would not have
it in that wise, for every woman loveth the regard of the world, and I would fain enjoy
such beauty as is mine before the world, and not endure the scorn and contempt of men and
To this Sir Gawaine said, "Lady, I would have it the other way."
And she said, "Nay, I would have it my way."
Then Sir Gawaine said, "So be it. For since I have taken thee for my wife, so must
I show thee respect in all matters; wherefore thou shalt have thy will in this and in all
Then that lady fell a-laughing beyond all measure and she said, "Sir, I did but
put this as a last trial upon thee, for as I am now, so shall I always be."
Upon this Sir Gawaine was so filled with joy that he knew not how to contain himself.
So they sat together for a long time, hand in hand. Then after a while Sir Gawaine
said, "Lady, who art thou?" Unto which she made reply, "I am one of the
Ladies of the Lake; but for thy sake I have become mortal like to other women and have
quit that very beautiful home where I one time dwelt. I have kept thee in my heart for a
considerable while, for I was not very far distant at that time when thou didst bid adieu
to Sir Pellias beside the lake. There I beheld how thou didst weep and bewail thyself when
Sir Pellias left thee, wherefore my heart went out to thee with great pity. So, after a
while, I quitted that lake and became mortal for thy sake. Now, when I found the trouble
into which King Arthur had fallen I took that occasion to have him fetch me unto thee so
that I might test the entire nobility of thy knighthood; and, lo! I have found it all that
I deemed it possible to be. For though I appeared to thee so aged, so ugly, and so foul,
yet hast thou treated me with such kind regard that I do not believe that thou couldst
have behaved with more courtesy to me had I been the daughter of a king. Wherefore it doth
now afford me such pleasure for to possess thee for my knight and my true lord, that I
cannot very well tell thee how great is my joy therein."
Then Sir Gawaine said, "Lady, I do not think it can be so great as my joy in
possessing thee." And thereupon he came to her and laid his hand upon her shoulder
and kissed her upon the lips.
Then, after that, he went forth and called with a great voice all through that house,
and the people of the house came running from everywhere. And he commanded that the people
should bring lights and refreshments, and they brought the lights, and when they had
brought them and beheld that beautiful lady instead of the aged dame, they were filled
with great wonder and joy; wherefore they cried out aloud and clapped their hands together
and made much sound of rejoicing. And they set a great feast for Sir Gawaine and his lady,
and in place of the sorrow and darkness that had been, there was joy and light, and music
and singing; wherefore those of the King's Court, beholding this from a distance, said,
"It is very strange that Sir Gawaine should have taken so much joy of having wedded
that old beldame."
But when the next morning had come, that lady clad herself in raiment of yellow silk,
and she hung about her many strands of precious stones of several colors, and she set a
golden crown upon her head. And Sir Gawaine let call his horse, and he let call a
snow-white palfrey for the lady, and thereupon they rode out from that place and entered
the Court of the King. But when the King and the Queen and their several Courts beheld
that lady, they were filled with such great astonishment that they wist not what to say
for pure wonder. And when they heard all that had happened, they gave great joy and loud
acclaim so that all their mourning was changed into rejoicing. And, indeed, there was not
one knight there of all that Court who would not have given half his life to have been so
fortunate in that matter as was Sir Gawaine, the son of King Lot of Orkney.
Such is the story of Sir Gawaine, and from it I draw this significance: as that poor
ugly beldame appeared unto the eyes of Sir Gawaine, so doth a man's duty sometimes appear
to him to be ugly and exceedingly ill-favored unto his desires. But when he shall have
wedded himself unto that duty so that he hath made it one with him as a bridegroom maketh
himself one with his bride, then doth that duty become of a sudden very beautiful unto him
and unto others.
So may it be with ye that you shall take duty unto yourselves no matter how much it may
mislike ye to do so. For indeed a man shall hardly have any real pleasure in his life
unless his inclination becometh wedded unto his duty and cleaveth unto it as a husband
cleaveth unto his wife. For when inclination is thus wedded unto duty, then doth the soul
take great joy unto itself as though a wedding had taken place betwixt a bridegroom and a
bride within its tabernacle.
Likewise, when you shall have become entirely wedded unto your duty, then shall you
become equally worthy with that good knight and gentleman Sir Gawaine; for it needs not
that a man shall wear armor for to be a true knight, but only that he shall do his best
endeavor with all patience and humility as it hath been ordained for him to do. Wherefore,
when your time cometh unto you to display your knightness by assuming your duty, I do pray
that you also may approve yourself as worthy as Sir Gawaine approved himself in this story
which I have told you of as above written.