A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
by Mark Twain
Chapter 30 - The Tragedy of the Manor-House
AT midnight all was over, and we sat in the presence of four corpses. We
covered them with such rags as we could find, and started away, fastening the door behind
us. Their home must be these people's grave, for they could not have Christian burial, or
be admitted to consecrated ground. They were as dogs, wild beasts, lepers, and no soul
that valued its hope of eternal life would throw it away by meddling in any sort with
these rebuked and smitten outcasts.
We had not moved four steps when I caught a sound
as of footsteps upon gravel. My heart flew to my throat. We must not be seen coming from
that house. I plucked at the king's robe and we drew back and took shelter behind the
corner of the cabin.
"Now we are safe," I said, "but it was a close call -- so to speak. If
the night had been lighter he might have seen us, no doubt, he seemed to be so near."
"Mayhap it is but a beast and not a man at all."
"True. But man or beast, it will be wise to stay here a minute and let it get by
and out of the way."
"Hark! It cometh hither."
True again. The step was coming toward us -- straight toward the hut. It must be a
beast, then, and we might as well have saved our trepidation. I was going to step out, but
the king laid his hand upon my arm. There was a moment of silence, then we heard a soft
knock on the cabin door. It made me shiver. Presently the knock was repeated, and then we
heard these words in a guarded voice:
"Mother! Father! Open -- we have got free, and we bring news to pale your cheeks
but glad your hearts; and we may not tarry, but must fly! And -- but they answer not.
Mother! father! --"
I drew the king toward the other end of the hut and whispered:
"Come -- now we can get to the road."
The king hesitated, was going to demur; but just then we heard the door give way, and
knew that those desolate men were in the presence of their dead.
"Come, my liege! in a moment they will strike a light, and then will follow that
which it would break your heart to hear."
He did not hesitate this time. The moment we were in the road I ran; and after a moment
he threw dignity aside and followed. I did not want to think of what was happening in the
hut -- I couldn't bear it; I wanted to drive it out of my mind; so I struck into the first
subject that lay under that one in my mind:
"I have had the disease those people died of, and so have nothing to fear; but if
you have not had it also --"
He broke in upon me to say he was in trouble, and it was his conscience that was
"These young men have got free, they say -- but HOW? It is not likely that their
lord hath set them free."
"Oh, no, I make no doubt they escaped."
"That is my trouble; I have a fear that this is so, and your suspicion doth
confirm it, you having the same fear.
"I should not call it by that name though. I do suspect that they escaped, but if
they did, I am not sorry, certainly."
"I am not sorry, I THINK -- but --"
"What is it? What is there for one to be troubled about?"
"IF they did escape, then are we bound in duty to lay hands upon them and deliver
them again to their lord; for it is not seemly that one of his quality should suffer a so
insolent and high-handed outrage from persons of their base degree."
There it was again. He could see only one side of it. He was born so, educated so, his
veins were full of ancestral blood that was rotten with this sort of unconscious
brutality, brought down by inheritance from a long procession of hearts that had each done
its share toward poisoning the stream. To imprison these men without proof, and starve
their kindred, was no harm, for they were merely peasants and subject to the will and
pleasure of their lord, no matter what fearful form it might take; but for these men to
break out of unjust captivity was insult and outrage, and a thing not to be countenanced
by any conscientious person who knew his duty to his sacred caste.
I worked more than half an hour before I got him to change the subject -- and even then
an outside matter did it for me. This was a something which caught our eyes as we struck
the summit of a small hill -- a red glow, a good way off.
"That's a fire," said I.
Fires interested me considerably, because I was getting a good deal of an insurance
business started, and was also training some horses and building some steam fire-engines,
with an eye to a paid fire department by and by. The priests opposed both my fire and life
insurance, on the ground that it was an insolent attempt to hinder the decrees of God; and
if you pointed out that they did not hinder the decrees in the least, but only modified
the hard consequences of them if you took out policies and had luck, they retorted that
that was gambling against the decrees of God, and was just as bad. So they managed to
damage those industries more or less, but I got even on my Accident business. As a rule, a
knight is a lummox, and some times even a labrick, and hence open to pretty poor arguments
when they come glibly from a superstition-monger, but even HE could see the practical side
of a thing once in a while; and so of late you couldn't clean up a tournament and pile the
result without finding one of my accident-tickets in every helmet.
We stood there awhile, in the thick darkness and stillness, looking toward the red blur
in the distance, and trying to make out the meaning of a far-away murmur that rose and
fell fitfully on the night. Sometimes it swelled up and for a moment seemed less remote;
but when we were hopefully expecting it to betray its cause and nature, it dulled and sank
again, carrying its mystery with it. We started down the hill in its direction, and the
winding road plunged us at once into almost solid darkness -- darkness that was packed and
crammed in between two tall forest walls. We groped along down for half a mile, perhaps,
that murmur growing more and more distinct all the time. the coming storm threatening more
and more, with now and then a little shiver of wind, a faint show of lightning, and dull
grumblings of distant thunder. I was in the lead. I ran against something -- a soft heavy
something which gave, slightly, to the impulse of my weight; at the same moment the
lightning glared out, and within a foot of my face was the writhing face of a man who was
hanging from the limb of a tree! That is, it seemed to be writhing, but it was not. It was
a grewsome sight. Straightway there was an earsplitting explosion of thunder, and the
bottom of heaven fell out; the rain poured down in a deluge. No matter, we must try to cut
this man down, on the chance that there might be life in him yet, mustn't we? The
lightning came quick and sharp now, and the place was alternately noonday and midnight.
One moment the man would be hanging before me in an intense light, and the next he was
blotted out again in the darkness. I told the king we must cut him down. The king at once
"If he hanged himself, he was willing to lose him property to his lord; so let him
be. If others hanged him, belike they had the right -- let him hang."
"But me no buts, but even leave him as he is. And for yet another reason. When the
lightning cometh again -- there, look abroad."
Two others hanging, within fifty yards of us!
"It is not weather meet for doing useless courtesies unto dead folk. They are past
thanking you. Come -- it is unprofitable to tarry here."
There was reason in what he said, so we moved on. Within the next mile we counted six
more hanging forms by the blaze of the lightning, and altogether it was a grisly
excursion. That murmur was a murmur no longer, it was a roar; a roar of men's voices. A
man came flying by now, dimly through the darkness, and other men chasing him. They
disappeared. Presently another case of the kind occurred, and then another and another.
Then a sudden turn of the road brought us in sight of that fire -- it was a large
manorhouse, and little or nothing was left of it -- and everywhere men were flying and
other men raging after them in pursuit.
I warned the king that this was not a safe place for strangers. We would better get
away from the light, until matters should improve. We stepped back a little, and hid in
the edge of the wood. From this hiding-place we saw both men and women hunted by the mob.
The fearful work went on until nearly dawn. Then, the fire being out and the storm spent,
the voices and flying footsteps presently ceased, and darkness and stillness reigned
We ventured out, and hurried cautiously away; and although we were worn out and sleepy,
we kept on until we had put this place some miles behind us. Then we asked hospitality at
the hut of a charcoal burner, and got what was to be had. A woman was up and about, but
the man was still asleep, on a straw shake-down, on the clay floor. The woman seemed
uneasy until I explained that we were travelers and had lost our way and been wandering in
the woods all night. She became talkative, then, and asked if we had heard of the terrible
goings-on at the manor-house of Abblasoure. Yes, we had heard of them, but what we wanted
now was rest and sleep. The king broke in:
"Sell us the house and take yourselves away, for we be perilous company, being
late come from people that died of the Spotted Death."
It was good of him, but unnecessary. One of the commonest decorations of the nation was
the waffleiron face. I had early noticed that the woman and her husband were both so
decorated. She made us entirely welcome, and had no fears; and plainly she was immensely
impressed by the king's proposition; for, of course, it was a good deal of an event in her
life to run across a person of the king's humble appearance who was ready to buy a man's
house for the sake of a night's lodging. It gave her a large respect for us, and she
strained the lean possibilities of her hovel to the utmost to make us comfortable.
We slept till far into the afternoon, and then got up hungry enough to make cotter fare
quite palatable to the king, the more particularly as it was scant in quantity. And also
in variety; it consisted solely of onions, salt, and the national black bread—made out of
horsefeed. The woman told us about the affair of the evening before. At ten or eleven at
night, when everybody was in bed, the manor-house burst into flames. The country-side
swarmed to the rescue, and the family were saved, with one exception, the master. He did
not appear. Everybody was frantic over this loss, and two brave yeomen sacrificed their
lives in ransacking the burning house seeking that valuable personage. But after a while
he was found -- what was left of him -- which was his corpse. It was in a copse three
hundred yards away, bound, gagged, stabbed in a dozen places.
Who had done this? Suspicion fell upon a humble family in the neighborhood who had been
lately treated with peculiar harshness by the baron; and from these people the suspicion
easily extended itself to their relatives and familiars. A suspicion was enough; my lord's
liveried retainers proclaimed an instant crusade against these people, and were promptly
joined by the community in general. The woman's husband had been active with the mob, and
had not returned home until nearly dawn. He was gone now to find out what the general
result had been. While we were still talking he came back from his quest. His report was
revolting enough. Eighteen persons hanged or butchered, and two yeomen and thirteen
prisoners lost in the fire.
"And how many prisoners were there altogether in the vaults?"
"Then every one of them was lost?"
"But the people arrived in time to save the family; how is it they could save none
of the prisoners?"
The man looked puzzled, and said:
"Would one unlock the vaults at such a time? Marry, some would have escaped."
"Then you mean that nobody DID unlock them?"
"None went near them, either to lock or unlock. It standeth to reason that the
bolts were fast; wherefore it was only needful to establish a watch, so that if any broke
the bonds he might not escape, but be taken. None were taken."
"Natheless, three did escape," said the king, "and ye will do well to
publish it and set justice upon their track, for these murthered the baron and fired the
I was just expecting he would come out with that. For a moment the man and his wife
showed an eager interest in this news and an impatience to go out and spread it; then a
sudden something else betrayed itself in their faces, and they began to ask questions. I
answered the questions myself, and narrowly watched the effects produced. I was soon
satisfied that the knowledge of who these three prisoners were had somehow changed the
atmosphere; that our hosts' continued eagerness to go and spread the news was now only
pretended and not real. The king did not notice the change, and I was glad of that. I
worked the conversation around toward other details of the night's proceedings, and noted
that these people were relieved to have it take that direction.
The painful thing observable about all this business was the alacrity with which this
oppressed community had turned their cruel hands against their own class in the interest
of the common oppressor. This man and woman seemed to feel that in a quarrel between a
person of their own class and his lord, it was the natural and proper and rightful thing
for that poor devil's whole caste to side with the master and fight his battle for him,
without ever stopping to inquire into the rights or wrongs of the matter. This man had
been out helping to hang his neighbors, and had done his work with zeal, and yet was aware
that there was nothing against them but a mere suspicion, with nothing back of it
describable as evidence, still neither he nor his wife seemed to see anything horrible
This was depressing -- to a man with the dream of a republic in his head. It reminded
me of a time thirteen centuries away, when the "poor whites" of our South who
were always despised and frequently insulted by the slave-lords around them, and who owed
their base condition simply to the presence of slavery in their midst, were yet
pusillanimously ready to side with the slave-lords in all political moves for the
upholding and perpetuating of slavery, and did also finally shoulder their muskets and
pour out their lives in an effort to prevent the destruction of that very institution
which degraded them. And there was only one redeeming feature connected with that pitiful
piece of history; and that was, that secretly the "poor white" did detest the
slave-lord, and did feel his own shame. That feeling was not brought to the surface, but
the fact that it was there and could have been brought out, under favoring circumstances,
was something -- in fact, it was enough; for it showed that a man is at bottom a man,
after all, even if it doesn't show on the outside.
Well, as it turned out, this charcoal burner was just the twin of the Southern
"poor white" of the far future. The king presently showed impatience, and said:
"An ye prattle here all the day, justice will miscarry. Think ye the criminals
will abide in their father's house? They are fleeing, they are not waiting. You should
look to it that a party of horse be set upon their track."
The woman paled slightly, but quite perceptibly, and the man looked flustered and
irresolute. I said:
"Come, friend, I will walk a little way with you, and explain which direction I
think they would try to take. If they were merely resisters of the gabelle or some kindred
absurdity I would try to protect them from capture; but when men murder a person of high
degree and likewise burn his house, that is another matter."
The last remark was for the king -- to quiet him. On the road the man pulled his
resolution together, and began the march with a steady gait, but there was no eagerness in
it. By and by I said:
"What relation were these men to you -- cousins?"
He turned as white as his layer of charcoal would let him, and stopped, trembling.
"Ah, my God, how know ye that?"
"I didn't know it; it was a chance guess."
"Poor lads, they are lost. And good lads they were, too."
"Were you actually going yonder to tell on them?"
He didn't quite know how to take that; but he said, hesitatingly:
"Then I think you are a damned scoundrel!"
It made him as glad as if I had called him an angel.
"Say the good words again, brother! for surely ye mean that ye would not betray me
an I failed of my duty."
"Duty? There is no duty in the matter, except the duty to keep still and let those
men get away. They've done a righteous deed."
He looked pleased; pleased, and touched with apprehension at the same time. He looked
up and down the road to see that no one was coming, and then said in a cautious voice:
"From what land come you, brother, that you speak such perilous words, and seem
not to be afraid?"
"They are not perilous words when spoken to one of my own caste, I take it. You
would not tell anybody I said them?"
"I? I would be drawn asunder by wild horses first."
"Well, then, let me say my say. I have no fears of your repeating it. I think
devil's work has been done last night upon those innocent poor people. That old baron got
only what he deserved. If I had my way. all his kind should have the same luck."
Fear and depression vanished from the man's manner, and gratefulness and a brave
animation took their place:
"Even though you be a spy, and your words a trap for my undoing, yet are they such
refreshment that to hear them again and others like to them, I would go to the gallows
happy, as having had one good feast at least in a starved life. And I will say my say now,
and ye may report it if ye be so minded. I helped to hang my neighbors for that it were
peril to my own life to show lack of zeal in the master's cause; the others helped for
none other reason. All rejoice today that he is dead, but all do go about seemingly
sorrowing, and shedding the hypocrite's tear, for in that lies safety. I have said the
words, I have said the words! the only ones that have ever tasted good in my mouth, and
the reward of that taste is sufficient. Lead on, an ye will, be it even to the scaffold,
for I am ready."
There it was, you see. A man is a man, at bottom. Whole ages of abuse and oppression
cannot crush the manhood clear out of him. Whoever thinks it a mistake is himself
mistaken. Yes, there is plenty good enough material for a republic in the most degraded
people that ever existed -- even the Russians; plenty of manhood in them -- even in the
Germans -- if one could but force it out of its timid and suspicious privacy, to overthrow
and trample in the mud any throne that ever was set up and any nobility that ever
supported it. We should see certain things yet, let us hope and believe. First, a modified
monarchy, till Arthur's days were done, then the destruction of the throne, nobility
abolished, every member of it bound out to some useful trade, universal suffrage
instituted, and the whole government placed in the hands of the men and women of the
nation there to remain. Yes, there was no occasion to give up my dream yet a while.
The Celtic Hammer June 22, 1996