A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
by Mark Twain
Chapter 17 - A Royal Banquet
seeing me pacific and unresentful, no doubt judged that I was deceived by her excuse; for
her fright dissolved away, and she was soon so importunate to have me give an exhibition
and kill somebody, that the thing grew to be embarrassing. However, to my relief she was
presently interrupted by the call to prayers. I will say this much for the nobility: that,
tyrannical, murderous, rapacious, and morally rotten as they were, they were deeply and
enthusiastically religious. Nothing could divert them from the regular and faithful
performance of the pieties enjoined by the Church. More than once I had seen a noble who
had gotten his enemy at a disadvantage, stop to pray before cutting his throat; more than
once I had seen a noble, after ambushing and despatching his enemy, retire to the nearest
wayside shrine and humbly give thanks, without even waiting to rob the body. There was to
be nothing finer or sweeter in the life of even Benvenuto Cellini, that rough-hewn saint,
ten centuries later. All the nobles of Britain, with their families, attended divine
service morning and night daily, in their private chapels, and even the worst of them had
family worship five or six times a day besides. The credit of this belonged entirely to
the Church. Although I was no friend to that Catholic Church, I was obliged to admit this.
And often, in spite of me, I found myself saying, "What would this country be without
After prayers we had dinner in a great banqueting hall which was lighted by
hundreds of grease-jets, and everything was as fine and lavish and rudely splendid as
might become the royal degree of the hosts. At the head of the hall, on a dais, was the
table of the king, queen, and their son, Prince Uwaine. Stretching down the hall from
this, was the general table, on the floor. At this, above the salt, sat the visiting
nobles and the grown members of their families, of both sexes, -- the resident Court, in
effect -- sixty-one persons; below the salt sat minor officers of the household, with
their principal subordinates: altogether a hundred and eighteen persons sitting, and about
as many liveried servants standing behind their chairs, or serving in one capacity or
another. It was a very fine show. In a gallery a band with cymbals, horns, harps, and
other horrors, opened the proceedings with what seemed to be the crude first-draft or
original agony of the wail known to later centuries as "In the Sweet Bye and
Bye." It was new, and ought to have been rehearsed a little more. For some reason or
other the queen had the composer hanged, after dinner.
After this music, the priest who stood behind the royal table said a noble long grace
in ostensible Latin. Then the battalion of waiters broke away from their posts, and
darted, rushed, flew, fetched and carried, and the mighty feeding began; no words
anywhere, but absorbing attention to business. The rows of chops opened and shut in vast
unison, and the sound of it was like to the muffled burr of subterranean machinery.
The havoc continued an hour and a half, and unimaginable was the destruction of
substantials. Of the chief feature of the feast -- the huge wild boar that lay stretched
out so portly and imposing at the start -- nothing was left but the semblance of a
hoop-skirt; and he was but the type and symbol of what had happened to all the other
With the pastries and so on, the heavy drinking began -- and the talk. Gallon after
gallon of wine and mead disappeared, and everybody got comfortable, then happy, then
sparklingly joyous -- both sexes, -- and by and by pretty noisy. Men told anecdotes that
were terrific to hear, but nobody blushed; and when the nub was sprung, the assemblage let
go with a horse-laugh that shook the fortress. Ladies answered back with historiettes that
would almost have made Queen Margaret of Navarre or even the great Elizabeth of England
hide behind a handkerchief, but nobody hid here, but only laughed -- howled, you may say.
In pretty much all of these dreadful stories, ecclesiastics were the hardy heroes, but
that didn't worry the chaplain any, he had his laugh with the rest; more than that, upon
invitation he roared out a song which was of as daring a sort as any that was sung that
By midnight everybody was fagged out, and sore with laughing; and, as a rule, drunk:
some weepingly, some affectionately, some hilariously, some quarrelsomely, some dead and
under the table. Of the ladies, the worst spectacle was a lovely young duchess, whose
wedding-eve this was; and indeed she was a spectacle, sure enough. Just as she was she
could have sat in advance for the portrait of the young daughter of the Regent d'Orleans,
at the famous dinner whence she was carried, foul-mouthed, intoxicated, and helpless, to
her bed, in the lost and lamented days of the Ancient Regime.
Suddenly, even while the priest was lifting his hands, and all conscious heads were
bowed in reverent expectation of the coming blessing, there appeared under the arch of the
far-off door at the bottom of the hall an old and bent and white-haired lady, leaning upon
a crutch-stick; and she lifted the stick and pointed it toward the queen and cried out:
"The wrath and curse of God fall upon you, woman without pity, who have slain mine
innocent grandchild and made desolate this old heart that had nor chick, nor friend nor
stay nor comfort in all this world but him!"
Everybody crossed himself in a grisly fright, for a curse was an awful thing to those
people; but the queen rose up majestic, with the death-light in her eye, and flung back
this ruthless command:
"Lay hands on her! To the stake with her!"
The guards left their posts to obey. It was a shame; it was a cruel thing to see. What
could be done? Sandy gave me a look; I knew she had another inspiration. I said:
"Do what you choose."
She was up and facing toward the queen in a moment. She indicated me, and said:
"Madame, HE saith this may not be. Recall the commandment, or he will dissolve the
castle and it shall vanish away like the instable fabric of a dream!"
Confound it, what a crazy contract to pledge a person to! What if the queen --
But my consternation subsided there, and my panic passed off; for the queen, all in a
collapse, made no show of resistance but gave a countermanding sign and sunk into her
seat. When she reached it she was sober. So were many of the others. The assemblage rose,
whiffed ceremony to the winds, and rushed for the door like a mob; overturning chairs,
smashing crockery, tugging, struggling, shouldering, crowding -- anything to get out
before I should change my mind and puff the castle into the measureless dim vacancies of
space. Well, well, well, they WERE a superstitious lot. It is all a body can do to
conceive of it.
The poor queen was so scared and humbled that she was even afraid to hang the composer
without first consulting me. I was very sorry for her -- indeed, any one would have been,
for she was really suffering; so I was willing to do anything that was reasonable, and had
no desire to carry things to wanton extremities. I therefore considered the matter
thoughtfully, and ended by having the musicians ordered into our presence to play that
Sweet Bye and Bye again, which they did. Then I saw that she was right, and gave her
permission to hang the whole band. This little relaxation of sternness had a good effect
upon the queen. A statesman gains little by the arbitrary exercise of iron-clad authority
upon all occasions that offer, for this wounds the just pride of his subordinates, and
thus tends to undermine his strength. A little concession, now and then, where it can do
no harm, is the wiser policy.
Now that the queen was at ease in her mind once more, and measurably happy, her wine
naturally began to assert itself again, and it got a little the start of her. I mean it
set her music going -- her silver bell of a tongue. Dear me, she was a master talker. It
would not become me to suggest that it was pretty late and that I was a tired man and very
sleepy. I wished I had gone off to bed when I had the chance. Now I must stick it out;
there was no other way. So she tinkled along and along, in the otherwise profound and
ghostly hush of the sleeping castle, until by and by there came, as if from deep down
under us, a far-away sound, as of a muffled shriek -- with an expression of agony about it
that made my flesh crawl. The queen stopped, and her eyes lighted with pleasure; she
tilted her graceful head as a bird does when it listens. The sound bored its way up
through the stillness again.
"What is it?" I said.
"It is truly a stubborn soul, and endureth long. It is many hours now."
"The rack. Come -- ye shall see a blithe sight. An he yield not his secret now, ye
shall see him torn asunder."
What a silky smooth hellion she was; and so composed and serene, when the cords all
down my legs were hurting in sympathy with that man's pain. Conducted by mailed guards
bearing flaring torches, we tramped along echoing corridors, and down stone stairways dank
and dripping, and smelling of mould and ages of imprisoned night -- a chill, uncanny
journey and a long one, and not made the shorter or the cheerier by the sorceress's talk,
which was about this sufferer and his crime. He had been accused by an anonymous informer,
of having killed a stag in the royal preserves. I said:
"Anonymous testimony isn't just the right thing, your Highness. It were fairer to
confront the accused with the accuser."
"I had not thought of that, it being but of small consequence. But an I would, I
could not, for that the accuser came masked by night, and told the forester, and
straightway got him hence again, and so the forester knoweth him not."
"Then is this Unknown the only person who saw the stag killed?"
"Marry, NO man SAW the killing, but this Unknown saw this hardy wretch near to the
spot where the stag lay, and came with right loyal zeal and betrayed him to the
"So the Unknown was near the dead stag, too? Isn't it just possible that he did
the killing himself? His loyal zeal -- in a mask -- looks just a shade suspicious. But
what is your highness's idea for racking the prisoner? Where is the profit?"
"He will not confess, else; and then were his soul lost. For his crime his life is
forfeited by the law -- and of a surety will I see that he payeth it! -- but it were peril
to my own soul to let him die unconfessed and unabsolved. Nay, I were a fool to fling me
into hell for HIS accommodation."
"But, your Highness, suppose he has nothing to confess?"
"As to that, we shall see, anon. An I rack him to death and he confess not, it
will peradventure show that he had indeed naught to confess -- ye will grant that that is
sooth? Then shall I not be damned for an unconfessed man that had naught to confess --
wherefore, I shall be safe."
It was the stubborn unreasoning of the time. It was useless to argue with her.
Arguments have no chance against petrified training; they wear it as little as the waves
wear a cliff. And her training was everybody's. The brightest intellect in the land would
not have been able to see that her position was defective.
As we entered the rack-cell I caught a picture that will not go from me; I wish it would. A
native young giant of thirty or thereabouts lay stretched upon the frame on his back, with
his wrists and ankles tied to ropes which led over windlasses at either end. There was no
color in him; his features were contorted and set, and sweat-drops stood upon his
forehead. A priest bent over him on each side; the executioner stood by; guards were on
duty; smoking torches stood in sockets along the walls; in a corner crouched a poor young
creature, her face drawn with anguish, a half-wild and hunted look in her eyes, and in her
lap lay a little child asleep. Just as we stepped across the threshold the executioner
gave his machine a slight turn, which wrung a cry from both the prisoner and the woman;
but I shouted, and the executioner released the strain without waiting to see who spoke. I
could not let this horror go on; it would have killed me to see it. I asked the queen to
let me clear the place and speak to the prisoner privately; and when she was going to
object I spoke in a low voice and said I did not want to make a scene before her servants,
but I must have my way; for I was King Arthur's representative, and was speaking in his
name. She saw she had to yield. I asked her to indorse me to these people, and then leave
me. It was not pleasant for her, but she took the pill; and even went further than I was
meaning to require. I only wanted the backing of her own authority; but she said:
"Ye will do in all things as this lord shall command. It is The Boss."
It was certainly a good word to conjure with: you could see it by the squirming of
these rats. The queen's guards fell into line, and she and they marched away, with their
torch-bearers, and woke the echoes of the cavernous tunnels with the measured beat of
their retreating footfalls. I had the prisoner taken from the rack and placed upon his
bed, and medicaments applied to his hurts, and wine given him to drink. The woman crept
near and looked on, eagerly, lovingly, but timorously, -- like one who fears a repulse;
indeed, she tried furtively to touch the man's forehead, and jumped back, the picture of
fright, when I turned unconsciously toward her. It was pitiful to see.
"Lord," I said, "stroke him, lass, if you want to. Do anything you're a
mind to; don't mind me."
Why, her eyes were as grateful as an animal's, when you do it a kindness that it
understands. The baby was out of her way and she had her cheek against the man's in a
minute. and her hands fondling his hair, and her happy tears running down. The man revived
and caressed his wife with his eyes, which was all he could do. I judged I might clear the
den, now, and I did; cleared it of all but the family and myself. Then I said:
"Now, my friend, tell me your side of this matter; I know the other side."
The man moved his head in sign of refusal. But the woman looked pleased -- as it seemed
to me -- pleased with my suggestion. I went on --
"You know of me?"
"Yes. All do, in Arthur's realms."
"If my reputation has come to you right and straight, you should not be afraid to
The woman broke in, eagerly:
"Ah, fair my lord, do thou persuade him! Thou canst an thou wilt. Ah, he suffereth
so; and it is for me -- for ME! And how can I bear it? I would I might see him die -- a
sweet, swift death; oh, my Hugo, I cannot bear this one!"
And she fell to sobbing and grovelling about my feet, and still imploring. Imploring
what? The man's death? I could not quite get the bearings of the thing. But Hugo
interrupted her and said:
"Peace! Ye wit not what ye ask. Shall I starve whom I love, to win a gentle death?
I wend thou knewest me better."
"Well," I said, "I can't quite make this out. It is a puzzle. Now
"Ah, dear my lord, an ye will but persuade him! Consider how these his tortures
wound me! Oh, and he will not speak! -- whereas, the healing, the solace that lie in a
blessed swift death --"
"What ARE you maundering about? He's going out from here a free man and whole --
he's not going to die."
The man's white face lit up, and the woman flung herself at me in a most surprising
explosion of joy, and cried out:
"He is saved! -- for it is the king's word by the mouth of the king's servant --
Arthur, the king whose word is gold!"
"Well, then you do believe I can be trusted, after all. Why didn't you
"Who doubted? Not I, indeed; and not she."
"Well, why wouldn't you tell me your story, then?"
"Ye had made no promise; else had it been otherwise."
"I see, I see.... And yet I believe I don't quite see, after all. You stood the
torture and refused to confess; which shows plain enough to even the dullest understanding
that you had nothing to confess --"
"I, my lord? How so? It was I that killed the deer!"
"You DID? Oh, dear, this is the most mixed-up business that ever --"
"Dear lord, I begged him on my knees to confess, but --"
"You DID! It gets thicker and thicker. What did you want him to do that for?"
"Sith it would bring him a quick death and save him all this cruel pain."
"Well -- yes, there is reason in that. But HE didn't want the quick death."
"He? Why, of a surety he DID."
"Well, then, why in the world DIDN'T he confess?"
"Ah, sweet sir, and leave my wife and chick without bread and shelter?"
"Oh, heart of gold, now I see it! The bitter law takes the convicted man's estate
and beggars his widow and his orphans. They could torture you to death, but without
conviction or confession they could not rob your wife and baby. You stood by them like a
man; and YOU -- true wife and the woman that you are -- you would have bought him release
from torture at cost to yourself of slow starvation and death -- well, it humbles a body
to think what your sex can do when it comes to self-sacrifice. I'll book you both for my
colony; you'll like it there; it's a Factory where I'm going to turn groping and grubbing
automata into MEN."
The Celtic Hammer June 22, 1996