THE DREAM OF RHONABWY
Translated by Lady Charlotte Guest
Madawc the son of Maredudd possessed Powys within its
boundaries, from Porfoed to Gwauan in the uplands of Arwystli. And at that time
he had a brother, Iorwerth the son of Maredudd, in rank not equal to himself.
And Iorwerth had great sorrow and heaviness because of the honour and power that
his brother enjoyed, which he shared not. And he sought his fellows and his
foster-brothers, and took counsel with them what he should do in this matter.
And they resolved to despatch some of their number to go and seek a maintenance
for him. Then Madawc offered him to become Master of the Household and to have
horses, and arms, and honour, and to fare like as himself. But Iorwerth refused
And Iorwerth made an inroad into Loegria, slaying the inhabitants, and
burning houses, and carrying away prisoners. And Madawc took counsel with the
men of Powys, and they determined to place an hundred men in each of the three
Commots of Powys to seek for him. And thus did they in the plains of Powys from
Aber Ceirawc, and in Allictwn Ver, and in Rhyd Wilure, on the Vyrnwy, the three
best Commots of Powys. So he was none the better, he nor his household, in
Powys, nor in the plains thereof. And they spread these men over the plains as
far as Nillystwn Trevan.
Now one of the men who was upon this quest was called Rhonabwy. And Rhonabwy
and Kynwrig Vrychgoch, a man of Mawddwy, and Cadwgan Vras, a man of Moelvre in
Kynlleith, came together to the house of Heilyn Goch the son of Cadwgan the son
of Iddon. And when they came near to the house, they saw an old hall, very black
and having an upright gable, whence issued a great smoke; and on entering, they
found the floor full of puddles and mounds; and it was difficult to stand
thereon, so slippery was it with the mire of cattle. Amd where the puddles were,
a man might go up to his ankles in water and dirt. And there were boughs of
holly spread over the floor, whereof the cattle had browsed the sprigs. When
they came to the hall of the house, they beheld cells full of dust, and very
gloomy, and on one side an old hag making a fire. And whenever she felt cold,
she cast a lapful of chaff upon the fire, and raised such a smoke, that it was
scarcely to be borne, as it rose up the nostrils. And on the other side was a
yellow calf-skin on the floor; a main privilege was it to any one who should get
upon that hide.
And when they had sat down, they asked the hag where were the people of the
house. And the hag spoke not, but muttered. Thereupon behold the people of the
house entered; a ruddy, clownish, curly-headed man, with a burthen of faggots on
his back, and a pale slender woman, also carrying a bundle under her arm. And
they barely welcomed the men, and kindled a fire with the boughs. And the woman
cooked something, and gave them to eat, barley bread, and cheese, and milk and
And there arose a storm of wind and rain, so that it was hardly possible to
go forth with safety. And being weary with their journey, they laid themselves
down and sought to sleep. And when they looked at the couch, it seemed to be
made but of a little coarse straw full of dust and vermin, with the stems of
boughs sticking up there through, for the cattle had eaten all the straw that
was placed at the head and the foot. And upon it was stretched an old
russet-coloured rug, threadbare and ragged; and a coarse sheet, full of slits,
was upon the rug, and an ill-stuffed pillow, and a worn-out cover upon the
sheet. And after much suffering from the vermin, and from the discomfort of
their couch, a heavy sleep fell on Rhonabwy's companions. But Rhonabwy, not
being able either to sleep or to rest, thought he should suffer less if he went
to lie upon the yellow calf-skin that was stretched out on the floor. And there
As soon as sleep had come upon his eyes, it seemed to him that he was
journeying with his companions across the plain of Argyngroeg, and he thought
that he went towards Rhyd y Groes on the Severn. As he journeyed, he heard a
mighty noise, the like whereof heard he never before; and looking behind him he
beheld a youth with yellow curling hair, and with his beard newly trimmed,
mounted on a chestnut horse, whereof the legs were grey from the top of the
forelegs, and from the bend of the hindlegs downwards. And the rider wore a coat
of yellow satin sewn with green silk, and on his thigh was a gold-hilted sword,
with a scabbard of new leather of Cordova, belted with the skin of the deer, and
clasped with gold. And over this was a scarf of yellow satin wrought with green
silk, the borders whereof were likewise green. And the green of the caparison of
the horse, and of green his rider, was as green as the leaves of the fir-tree,
and the yellow was as yellow as the blossom of the broom. So fierce was the
aspect of the knight, that fear seized upon them, and they began to flee. And
the knight pursued them. And when the horse breathed forth, the men became
distant from him, and when he drew in his breath, they were drawn near to him,
even to the horse's chest. And when he had over-taken them, they besought his
mercy. "You have it gladly," said he, "fear nought."
"Ha, chieftain, since thou hast mercy upon me, tell me also who thou
art," said Rhonabwy. "I will not conceal my lineage from thee, I am
Iddawc the son of Mynyo, yet not by my name, but by my nickname am I best
known." "And wilt thou tell us what thy nickname is?" "I
will tell you; it is Iddawc Cordd Prydain." "Ha, chieftain," said
Rhonabwy, "why art thou called thus?" "I will tell thee. I was
one of the messengers between Arthur and Medrawd his nephew, at the battle of
Camlan; and I was then a reckless youth, and through my desire for battle, I
kindled strife between them, and stirred up wrath, when I was sent by Arthur the
Emperor to reason with Medrawd, and to show him, that he was his foster-father
and his uncle, and to seek for peace, lest the sons of the Kings of the Island
of Britain; and of the nobles, should be slain. And whereas Arthur charged me
with the fairest sayings he could think of, I uttered unto Medrawd the harshest
I could devise. And therefore am I called Iddawc Cordd Prydain, for from this
did the battle of Camlan ensue. And three nights before the end of the battle of
Camlan I left them, and went to the Llech Las in North Britain to do penance.
And there I remained doing penance seven years, and after that I gained
Then lo! they heard a mighty sound which was much louder than that which they
had heard before, and when they looked round towards the sound, they beheld a
ruddy youth, without beard or whiskers, noble of mien, and mounted on a stately
courser. And from the shoulders and the front of the knees downwards the horse
was bay. And upon the man was a dress of red satin wrought with yellow silk, and
yellow were the borders of his scarf. And such parts of his apparel and of the
trappings of his horse as were yellow, as yellow were they as the blossom of the
broom, and such as were red, were as ruddy as the ruddiest blood in the world.
Then, behold the horseman overtook them, and he asked of Iddawc a share of
the little men that were with him. " That which is fitting for me to grant
I will grant, and thou shalt be a companion to them as I have been." And
the horseman went away. Iddawc," inquired Rhonawby, "who was that
horseman?" "Rhuvawn Pebyr the son of Prince Deorthach."
And they journeyed over the plain of Argyngroeg as far as the ford of Rhyd y
Groes on the Severn. And for a mile around the ford on both sides of the road,
they saw tents and encampments, and there was the clamour of a mighty host. And
they came to the edge of the ford, and there they beheld Arthur sitting on a
flat island below the ford, having Bedwini the Bishop on one side of him, and
Gwarthegyd the son of Kaw on the other. And a tall, auburn-haired youth stood
before him, with his sheathed sword in his hand, and clad in a coat and cap of
jet black satin. And his face was white as ivory, and his eyebrows black as jet,
and such part of his wrist as could be seen between his glove and his sleeve,
was whiter than the lily, and thicker than a warrior's ankle.
Then came Iddawc and they that were with him, and stood before Arthur and
saluted him. "Heaven grant thee good," said Arthur. "And where,
Iddawc, didst thou find these little men?" "I found them, lord, up
yonder on the road." Then the Emperor smiled. "Lord," said
Iddawc, "wherefore dost thou laugh?" "Iddawc," replied
Arthur, "I laugh not; but it pitieth me that men of such stature as these
should have this island in their keeping, after the men that guarded it of
yore." Then said Iddawc, "Rhonabwy, dost thou see the ring with a
stone set in it, that is upon the Emperor's hand?" "I see it," he
answered. "It is one of the properties of that stone to enable thee to
remember that thou seest here to-night, and hadst thou not seen the stone, thou
wouldest never have been able to remember aught thereof."
After this they saw a troop coming towards the ford. "Iddawc,"
inquired Rhonabwy, "to whom does yonder troop belong?" "They are
the fellows of Rhuvawn Pebyr the son of Prince Deorthach. And these men are
honourably served with mead and bragget, and are freely beloved by the daughters
of the kings of the Island of Britain. And this they merit, for they were ever
in the front and the rear in every peril." And he saw but one hue upon the
men and the horses of this troop, for they were all as red as blood. And when
one of the knights rode forth from the troop, he looked like a pillar of fire
glancing athwart the sky. And this troop encamped above the ford.
Then they beheld another troop coming towards the ford, and these from their
horses' chests upwards were whiter than the lily, and below blacker than jet.
And they saw one of these knights go before the rest, and spur his horse into
the ford in such a manner that the water dashed over Arthur and the Bishop, and
those holding counsel with them, so that they were as wet as if they had been
drenched in the river. And as he turned the head of his horse, the youth who
stood before Arthur struck the horse over the nostrils with his sheathed sword,
so that, had it been with the bare blade, it would have been a marvel if the
bone had not been wounded as well as the flesh. And the knight drew his sword
half out of the scabbard, and asked of him, "Wherefore didst thou strike my
horse? Whether was it in insult or in counsel unto me?" "Thou dost
indeed lack counsel. What madness caused thee to ride so furiously as to dash
the water of the ford over Arthur, and the consecrated Bishop, and their
counsellors, so that they were as wet as if they had been dragged out of the
river?" "As counsel then will I take it." So he turned his
horse's head round towards his army.
Iddawc," said Rhonabwy, "who was yonder knight?" "The
most eloquent and the wisest youth that is in this island; Adaon, the son of
Taliesin." "Who was the man that struck his horse?" "A youth
of froward nature; Elphin, the son of Gwyddno."
Then spake a tall and stately man, of noble and flowing speech, saying that
it was a marvel that so vast a host should be assembled in so narrow a space,
and that it was a still greater marvel that those should be there at that time
who had promised to be by mid-day in the battle of Badon, fighting with Osla
Gyllellvawr. "Whether thou mayest choose to proceed or not, I will
proceed." "Thou sayest well," said Arthur, "and we will go
altogether." "Iddawc," said Rhonabwy, "who was the man who
spoke so marvellously unto Arthur erewhile?" "A man who may speak as
boldly as he listeth, Caradawc Vreichvras, the son of Llyr Marini, his chief
counsellor and his cousin."
Then Iddawc took Rhonabwy behind him on his horse, and that mighty host moved
forward, each troop in its order, towards Cevndigoll. And when they came to the
middle of the ford of the Severn, Iddawc turned his horse's head, and Rhonabwy
looked along the valley of the Severn. And he beheld two fair troops coming
towards the ford. One troop there came of brilliant white, whereof every one of
the men had a scarf of white satin with jet-black borders. And the knees and the
tops of the shoulders of their horses were jet-black, though they were of a pure
white in every other part. And their banners were pure white, with black points
to them all.
"Iddawc," said Rhonabwy, "who are yonder pure white
troop?" "They are the men of Norway, and March the son of Meirchion is
their prince. And he is cousin unto Arthur." And further on he saw a troop,
whereof each man wore garments of jet-black, with borders of pure white to every
scarf; the tops of the shoulders and the knees of their horses were pure white.
And their banners were jet-black with pure white at the point of each.
"Iddawc," said Rhonabwy, "who are the jet-black troop
yonder?" "They are the men of Denmark, and Edeyrn the son of Nudd is
And when they had overtaken the host, Arthur and his army of mighty ones
dismounted below Caer Badou, and he perceived that he and Iddawc journeyed the
same road as Arthur. And after they had dismounted he heard a great tumult and
confusion amongst the host, and such as were then at the flanks turned to the
centre, and such as had been in the centre moved to the flanks. And then,
behold, he saw a knight coming, clad, both he and his horse, in mail, of which
the rings were whiter than the whitest lily, and the rivets redder than the
ruddiest blood. And he rode amongst the host.
"Iddawc," said Rhonabwy, "will yonder host flee?"
"King Arthur never fled, and if this discourse of thine were heard, thou
wert a lost man. But as to the knight whom thou seest yonder, it is Kai. The
fairest horseman is Kai in all Arthur's Court; and the men who are at the front
of the army hasten to the rear to see Kai ride, and the men who are in the
centre flee to the side, from the shock of his horse. And this is the cause of
the confusion of the host."
Thereupon they heard a call made for Kadwr, Earl of Cornwall, and behold he
arose with the sword of Arthur in his hand. And the similitude of two serpents
was upon the sword in gold. And when the sword was drawn from its scabbard, it
seemed as if two flames of fire burst forth from the jaws of the serpents, and
then, so wonderful was the sword, that it was hard for any one to look upon it.
And the host became still, and the tumult ceased, and the Earl returned to the
"Iddawc," said Rbonabwy, "who is the man who bore the sword of
Arthur?" "Kadwr, the Earl of Cornwall, whose duty it is to arm the
King on the days of battle and warfare."
And they heard a call made for Eirynwych Amheibyn, Arthur's servant, a red,
rough, ill-favoured man, having red whiskers with bristly hairs. And behold he
came upon a tall red horse with the mane parted on each side, and he brought
with him a large and beautiful sumpter pack. And the huge red youth dismounted
before Arthur, and he drew a golden chair out of the pack, and a carpet of
diapered satin. And he spread the carpet before Arthur, and there was an apple
of ruddy gold at each corner thereof, and he placed the chair upon the carpet.
And so large was the chair that three armed warriors might have sat therein.
Gwenn was the name of the carpet, and it was one of its properties that whoever
was upon it no one could see him, and he could see every one. And it would
retain no colour but its own.
And Arthur sat within the carpet, and Owain the son of Urien was standing
before him. "Owain," said Arthur, "wilt thou play chess?"
"I will, Lord," said Owain. And the red youth brought the chess for
Arthur and Owain; golden pieces and a board of silver. And they began to play.
And while they were thus, and when they were best amused with their game,
behold they saw a white tent with a red canopy, and the figure of a jet-black
serpent on the top of the tent, and red glaring venomous eyes in the head of the
serpent, and a red flaming tongue. And there came a young page with yellow
curling hair, and blue eyes, and a newly springing beard, wearing a coat and a
surcoat of yellow satin, and hose of thin greenish-yellow cloth upon his feet,
and over his hose shoes of parti-coloured leather, fastened at the insteps with
golden clasps. And he bore a heavy three-edged sword with a golden hilt, in a
scabbard of black leather tipped with fine gold. And he came to the place where
the Emperor and Owain were playing at chess.
And the youth saluted Owain. And Owain marvelled that the youth should salute
him and should not have saluted the Emperor Arthur. And Arthur knew what was in
Owain's thought. And he said to Owain, "Marvel not that the youth salutes
thee now, for he saluted me erewhile; and it is unto thee that his errand
is." Then said the youth unto Owain, "Lord, is it with thy leave that
the young pages and attendants of the Emperor harass and torment and worry thy
Ravens? And if it be not with thy leave, cause the Emperor to forbid them."
"Lord," said 0wain, "thou hearest what the youth says; if it seem
good to thee, forbid them from my Ravens." "Play thy game," said
he. Then the youth returned to the tent.
That game did they finish, and another they began, and when they were in the
midst of the game, behold, a ruddy young man with auburn curling hair and large
eyes, well-grown, and having his beard new-shorn, came forth from a bright
yellow tent, upon the summit of which was the figure of a bright red lion. And
he was clad in a coat of yellow satin, falling as low as the small of his leg,
and embroidered with threads of red silk. And on his feet were hose of fine
white buckram, and buskins of black leather were over his hose, whereon were
golden clasps. And in his hand a huge, heavy, three-edged sword, with a scabbard
of red deer-hide, tipped with gold. And he came to the place where Arthur and
Owain were playing at chess. And he saluted him. And Owain was troubled at his
salutation, but Arthur minded it no more than before. And the youth said unto
Owain, "Is it not against thy will that the attendants of the Emperor
harass thy Ravens, killing some and worrying others? If against thy will it be,
beseech him to forbid them." "Lord," said Owain, "forbid thy
men, if it seem good to thee." "Play thy game," said the Emperor.
And the youth returned to the tent.
And that game was ended and another begun. And as they were beginning the
first move of the game, they beheld at a small distance from them a tent
speckled yellow, the largest ever seen, and the figure of an eagle of gold upon
it, and a precious stone on the eagle's head. And coming out of the tent, they
saw a youth with thick yellow-hair upon his head, fair and comely, and a scarf
of blue satin upon him, and a brooch of gold in the scarf upon his right
shoulder as large as a warrior's middle finger. And upon his feet were hose of
fine Totness, and shoes of parti-coloured leather, clasped with gold, and the
youth was of noble bearing, fair of face, with ruddy cheeks and large hawk's
eyes. In the hand of the youth was a mighty lance, speckled yellow, with a newly
sharpened head; and upon the lance a banner displayed.
Fiercely angry, and with rapid pace, came the youth to the place where Arthur
was playing at chess with Owain. And they perceived that he was wroth. And
thereupon he saluted Owain, and told him that his Ravens had been killed, the
chief part of them, and that such of them as were not slain were so wounded and
bruised that not one of them could raise its wings a single fathom above the
earth. "Lord," said Owain, "forbid thy men."
"Play," said he, "if it please thee." Then said Owain to the
youth, "Go back, and wherever thou findest the strife at the thickest,
there lift up the banner and let come what pleases Heaven."
So the youth returned back to the place where the strife bore hardest upon
the Ravens, and he lifted up the banner; and as he did so they all rose up in
the air, wrathful and fierce and high of spirit, clapping their wings in the
wind, and shaking off the weariness that was upon them. And recovering their
energy and courage, furiously and with exultation did they, with one sweep,
descend upon the heads of the men, who had erewhile caused them anger and pain
and damage, and they seized some by the heads and others by the eyes, and some
by the ears, and others by the arms, and carried them up into the air; and in
the air there was a mighty tumult with the flapping of the wings of the
triumphant Ravens, and with their croaking; and there was another mighty tumult
with the groaning of the men, that were being torn and wounded, and some of whom
And Arthur and Owain marvelled at the tumult as they played at chess; and,
looking, they perceived a knight upon a dun-coloured horse coming towards them.
And marvellous was the hue of the dun horse. Bright red was his right shoulder,
and from the top of his legs to the centre of his hoof was bright yellow. Both
the knight and his horse were fully equipped with heavy foreign armour. The
clothing of the horse from the front opening upwards was of bright red sendal,
and from thence opening downwards was of bright yellow sendal. A large
gold-hilted one-edged sword had the youth upon his thigh, in a scabbard of light
blue, and tipped with Spanish laton. The belt of the sword was of dark green
leather with golden slides and a clasp of ivory upon it, and a buckle of
jetblack upon the clasp. A helmet of gold was on the head of the knight, set
with precious stones of great virtue, and at the top of the helmet was the image
of a flame-coloured leopard with two ruby-red stones in its head, so that it was
astounding for a warrior, however stout his heart, to look at the face of the
leopard, much more at the face of the knight. He had in his hand a blue-shafted
lance, but from the haft to the point it was stained crimson-red with the blood
of the Ravens and their plumage.
The knight came to the place where Arthur and Owain were seated at chess. And
they perceived that be was harassed and vexed and weary as he came towards them.
And the youth saluted Arthur, and told him that the Ravens of Owain were slaying
his young men and attendants. And Arthur looked at Owain and said, "Forbid
thy Ravens." "Lord," answered Owain, "play thy game."
And they played. And the knight returned back towards the strife, and the Ravens
were not forbidden any more than before.
And when they had played awhile, they heard a mighty tumult, and a wailing of
men, and a croaking of Ravens, as they carried the men in their strength into
the air, and, tearing them betwixt them, let them fall piecemeal to the earth.
And during the tumult they saw a knight coming towards them, on a light grey
horse, and the left foreleg of the horse was jet-black to the contre of his
hoof. And the knight and the horse were fully accoutred with huge heavy blue
armour. And a robe of honour of yellow diapered satin was upon the knight, and
the borders of the robe were blue. And the housings of the horse were jet-black,
with borders of bright yellow. And on the thigh of the youth was a sword, long,
and three-edged, and heavy. And the scabbard was of red cut leather, and the
belt of new red deer-skin, having upon it many golden slides and a buckle of the
bone of the sea-horse, the tongue of which was jet-black. A golden helmet was
upon the head of the knight, wherein were set sapphire-stones of great virtue.
And at the top of the helmet was the figure of a flame-coloured lion, with a
fiery-red tongue, issuing above a foot from his mouth, and with venomous eyes,
crimson-red, in his head. And the knight came, bearing in his hand a thick ashen
lance, the head whereof, which had been newly steeped in blood, was overlaid
And the youth saluted the Emperor: "Lord," said he, "carest
thou not for the slaying of thy pages, and thy young men, and the sons of the
nobles of the Island of Britain, whereby it will be difficult to defend this
island from henceforward for ever?" "Owain," said Arthur,
"forbid thy Ravens." "Play this game, Lord," said Owain.
So they finished the game and began another; and as they were finishing that
game, lo, they heard a great tumult and a clamour of armed men, and a croaking
of Ravens, and a flapping of wings in the air, as they flung down the armour
entire to the ground, and the men and the horses piecemeal. Then they saw coming
a knight on a lofty-headed piebald horse. And the left shoulder of the horse was
of bright red, and its right leg from the chest to the hollow of the hoof was
pure white. And the knight and horse were equipped with arms of speckled yellow,
variegated with Spanish laton. And there was a robe of honour upon him, and upon
his horse, divided in two parts, white and black, and the borders of the robe of
honour were of golden purple. And above the robe he wore a sword three-edged and
bright, with a golden hilt. And the belt of the sword was of yellow goldwork,
having a clasp upon it of the eyelid of a black sea-horse, and a tongue of
yellow gold to the clasp. Upon the head of the knight was a bright helmet of
yellow laton, with sparkling stones of crystal in it, and at the crest of the
helmet was the figure of a griffin, with a stone of many virtues in its head.
And he had an ashen spear in his hand, with a round shaft, coloured with
azure-blue. And the head of the spear was newly stained with blood, and was
overlaid with fine silver.
Wrathfully came the knight to the place where Arthur was, and he told him
that the Ravens had slain his household and the sons of the chief men of this
island, and he besought him to cause Owain to forbid his Ravens. And Arthur
besought Owain to forbid them. Then Arthur took the golden chessmen that were
upon the board, and crushed them until they became as dust. Then Owain ordered
Gwres the son of Rheged to lower his banner. So it was lowered, and all was
Then Rhonabwy inquired of Iddawc who were the first three men that came to
Owain, to tell him his Ravens were being slain. Said Iddawc, "They were men
who grieved that Owain should suffer loss, his fellow-chieftains and companions,
Selyv the son of Kynan Garwyn of Powys, and Gwgawn Gleddyvrudd, and Gwres the
son of Rheged, he who bears the banner in the day of battle and strife."
"Who," said Rhonabwy, "were the last three men who came to
Arthur, and told him that the Ravens were slaughtering his men?" "The
best of men," said Iddawc, "and the bravest, and who would grieve
exceedingly that Arthur should have damage in aught; Blathaon the son of
Mawrheth, and Rhuvawn Pebyr the son of Prince Deorthach, and Hyveidd
And with that behold four-and-twenty knights came from Osla Gyllellvawr, to
crave a truce of Arthur for a fortnight and a month. And Arthur arose and went
to take counsel. And he came to where a tall, auburn, curly-headed man was a
little way off, and there he assembled his counsellors. Bedwini, the Bishop, and
Gwarthegyd the son of Kaw, and March the son of Meirchawn, and Caradawc
Vreichvras, and Gwalchmai the son of Gwyar, and Edeyrn the son of Nudd, and
Rhuvawn Pebyr the son of Prince Deorthach, and Rhiogan the son of the King of
Ireland, and Gwenwynwyn the son of Nav, Howel the son of Emyr Llydaw, Gwilym the
son of Rhwyf Freine, and Daned the son of Ath, and Goren Custennin, and Mabon
the son of Modron, and Peredur Paladyr Hir, and Hyveidd Unllenn, and Twrch the
son of Perif, and Nerth the son of Kadarn, and Gobrwy the son of Echel
Vorddwyttwll, Gwair the son of Gwestyl, and Gadwy the son of Geraint, Trystan
the son of Tallwch, Moryen Manawc, Granwen the son of Llyr, and Llacheu the son
of Arthur, and Llawvrodedd Varvawc, and Kadwr Earl of Cornwall, Morvran the son
of Tegid, and Rhyawd the son of Morgant, and Dyvyr the son of Alun Dyved, Gwrhyr
Gwalstawd Ieithoedd, Adaon the son of Taliesin, Llary the son of Kasnar Wledig,
and Fflewddur Fflam, and Greidawl Galldovydd, Gilbert the son of Kadgyffro, Menw
the son of Teirgwaedd, Gwrthmwl Wledig, Cawrdav the son of Caradawc Vreichvras,
Gildas the son of Kaw, Kadyriaith the son of Saidi, and many of the men of
Norway, and Denmark, and many of the men of Greece, and a crowd of the men of
the host came to that council.
"Iddawc," said Rhonabwy, "who was the auburn-haired man to
whom they came just now?" "Rhun the son of Maelgwn Gwynedd, a man
whose prerogative it is, that he may join in counsel with all." "And
wherefore did they admit into counsel with men of such dignity as are yonder a
stripling so young as Kadyriaith the son of Saidi?" "Because there is
not throughout Britain a man better skilled in counsel than he."
Thereupon, behold, bards came and recited verses before Arthur, and no man
understood those verses but Kadyriaith only, save that they were in Arthur's
And lo, there came four-and-twenty asses with their burdens of gold and of
silver, and a tired wayworn man with each of them, bringing tribute to Arthur
from the Islands of Greece. Then Kadyriaith the son of Saidi besought that a
truce might be granted to Osla Gyllellvawr for the space of a fortnight and a
month, and that the asses and the burdens they carried might be given to the
bards, to be to them as the reward for their stay and that their verse might be
recompensed during the time of the truce. And thus it was settled.
"Rhonabwy," said Iddawc, "would it not be wrong to forbid a
youth who can give counsel so liberal as this from coming to the councils of his
Then Kai arose, and he said, "Whosoever will follow Arthur, let him be
with him to-night in Cornwall, and whosoever will not, let him be opposed to
Arthur even during the truce." And through the greatness of the tumult that
ensued, Rhonabwy awoke. And when he awoke he was upon the yellow calf -skin,
having slept three nights and three days.
And this tale is called the Dream of Rhonabwy. And this is the reason that no
one knows the dream without a book, neither bard nor gifted seer; because of the
various colours that were upon the horses, and the many wondrous colours of the
arms and of the panoply, and of the precious scarfs, and of the virtue-bearing