Englynion Y Beddau or 'The Stanzas Of The Graves'
The "Stanzas of the Graves" appear in several Welsh manuscripts, the earliest and most important
being the Llyfr Du Caerfyrddin (Black Book of Carmarthen). It contains seventy-three stanzas, copied during the thirteenth
century. Five of these verses appear in the Llfyr Gwyn Rhydderch (White Book of
Rhyderrch) and the Llyfr Coch Hergest (Red Book of Hergest), from the fourteenth century. However, the original poem itself
may date from the ninth to the eleventh century.
Englynion Y Beddau