Cuneglasus ap Owein

   Cuneglasus is theorized to be the historical King Arthur by Mark Devere Davis on his web site King Arthur and Cuneglasus. Cuneglasus' father Owein has been identified as the historical King Arthur by Graham Phillips and Martin Keatman in King Arthur: The True Story (1992).

   In November 1997, British Archaeology reported the discovery of Cuneglasus ap Owein's sixth century fortress in Rhos North Wales. Cuneglasus, also known as Cynlas the Red, is one of the five kings denounced by Gildas in c. 540. Gildas called Cuneglasus a red butcher, perhaps Gildas's version of the red ravagers found in the Welsh triads, and charioteer of the Bear's Den. The fortress of Bryn Euryn is located on the east bank of the River Conway in the township of Dineirth (Bear's fort). The fortress was well constructed with at least a 3 meter high stone wall and a 3.5 meter thick rampart. Although dating evidence is lacking, the layout matches other similar age fortresses at Garn Boduan on Llyn, Dumbarton Rock in Strathclyde, and Dunadd in Argyll. Source:  Simon Denison (1997) "Welsh Fort Identified as Citadel of Dark Age King" British Archaeology Issue 29".

   It was Gildas who referred to Cynglas of north Wales as "the bear" and Geoffrey of Monmouth may well have known of the Welsh propensity for interpreting Arthur's name as beginning with W. arth, "bear". In any event, Cynglas is indeed missing from the Geoffrey's Historia sequence of kings which runs (after Arthur): Constantine, Aurelius Conanus, Vortiporius and Malgo. In Gildas, the five contemporary "tyrants" are Constantine, Aurelius Caninus, Vortiporus, Cuneglasus ( = Cynglas) and Maglocunus (= Malgo, i.e. Maelgwn). Dan Hunt's comment to this was that Geoffrey's skipping over of Cynglas and his apparent substitution of Arthur for the former may suggest he believed Cynglas to be Arthur.