A number of individuals have put
forward Cerdic as the prototype of Arthur. Perhaps the first time I ran across
this hypothesis was with 'Arthur, Cerdic, and
the Formation of Wessex' by John C. Rudmin and Joseph W. Rudmin (first
submitted for publication in Oct 1993). Their general thesis is that by linking
the sixth century Welsh king, Caradoc Vreichvras, to Cerdic of Wessex, the origin
of the Arthurian legend can be explained.
Dan Hunt pointed out that he
considered it highly suspicious that Nennius' section on Arthur seems to
perfectly correspond with a section of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Nennius'
account of Arthur begins right after we are told that Octha has become the
Kentish king following the death of his father, Hengist, and ends just
prior to the passage on the succession of Ida. In the Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle (Parker manuscript), the entry which has Aesc succeed Hengist
comes only one entry (a battle featuring Aelle and Cissa intervening)
before the first appearance of Cerdic of Wessex and his son Cynric. The
ASC entry which corresponds to Nennius' mention of Ida immediately follows
the battles of Cerdic and Cynric.