Arthurian Name Dictionary

Kahadinst of Lanprebois

A duke present at a tournament thrown by Arthur at the Castle of Maidens. There is perhaps a connection with Kahedins. [Renaut]

Kahanin [Kehamans, Kehenans]

A Saxon king who, in the service of King Rions of Ireland, fought King Arthur and King Leodegan at the battle of Carmelide. Arthur killed him at the battle of Aneblayse. [VulgMer, Arthour]

Kahedins1 [Caerdin, Ch(a)edino, Ganhardin, Gheddino, Ghedin, Kaedin, Kahedins, Kahedrin, Kaherdin, Kardín, Kehedins, Kehenis, Kehydyns]

Brother of Isolde of the White Hands and son of Havelin, Jovelin, or Hoel. He became a loyal friend and companion, and then brother-in-law, to Tristan, but became enraged when he learned that Tristan had not consummated his marriage with Isolde of the White Hands. Tristan took Kahedins to see the other Isolde (or her statue), and Kahedins understood his predicament. He fell in love with Isolde’s maidservant, Brangain or Gymele. In Thomas’s version, his affair with Brangain was ended when she heard (untruthfully) that he had fled from combat with a cowardly knight named Mariadoc. He later killed Mariadoc in a joust. In the Prose Tristan, he falls in love with Isolde herself, causing his friendship with Tristan to end angrily (and causing Tristan to go insane); the tale says he died of grief after he confessed his love to Isolde and she cruelly rebuked him. In Eilhart von Oberge’s version, he loves Ganoje, the wife of lord Nampetenis, and he breaks into Nampetenis’s castle to sleep with her. When Nampetenis found out, he chased after Kahedins, killed him, and mortally wounded Tristan. In other versions, Kahedins survives to captain the ship that is supposed to bring Isolde to a mortally wounded Tristan’s bedside, or he joins Palante, Tristan’s cousin, in an invasion of Cornwall after Tristan’s death. A Welsh character called Cae Hir (Cae the Tall) may be identical. [Thomas, FolieB, Eilhart, ProsTris, Tavola, TrisSaga, DueTris, Malory]

Kahedins2 [Kehedins]

One of Arthur’s knights, variously called “the Small” and “the Fair.” He is said to be a cousin of Gawain and Yvain. He had a sister named Ydain. His uncle was Sir Kay of Estral. As a squire, he participated in the struggle against the Saxons and was knighted by Arthur for his service. He fought in the Roman War, in the first campaign against Claudas, and in the battle against Caradoc of the Dolorous Tower. In other adventures, Kahedins was imprisoned in the Dolorous Prison and the Valley of No Return, and was freed from both by Lancelot. [ChretienP, Contin1, LancLac, VulgLanc, VulgMer, Arthour]


In Wolfram’s Parzival, a land in the realm of King Poydiconjunz (Bagdemagus) of Gorre. Horse-archers from Kaheti fought in the battle of Bearosche against Duke Lyppaut. [Wolfram]


One of Arthur’s knights. A magical mantle brought to Arthur’s court revealed that Kailet’s wife was displeased with the way he always took her with him wherever he went. Ulrich probably took the name from Hartmann von Aue’s Gahillet. The name was taken by Wolfram as Kaylet. [UlrichZ]


The king of Friesland who served Arthur. [Layamon]


According to the Hebrew Melekh Artus, one of Arthur’s half-sisters (the daughter of Igraine) was married to the Duke of Kairenza. [Melekh]


The name of both Tristan’s father and Tristan’s son in the Icelandic Saga af Tristram ok Ísodd, from Canelengres, Tristan’s father’s surname in German romance. Tristan’s son, whose mother was Isolde of the White Hands, was raised by King Mark after the deaths of Tristan and Isolde. Mark eventually bestowed the throne of England on him. Kalegras married Lilja, the daughter of Emperor Donísus of Saxony. They had two sons, named Patrocles and Mórodd, and a daughter named Mollina. [SagaTI]

Kalot Enbolot

The location—perhaps in Sicily—where the sorcerer Clinschor was castrated by King Ibert of Sicily. [Wolfram]


A count defeated by Arthur’s Sir Tandareis. He loved the maiden Claudin and served her faithfully for many years. Fed up with her continual dismissals, he kidnapped and abused her. Tandareis encountered them and defeated Kalubin to save the maiden. Later, through Tandareis’s negotiations, Kalubin and Claudin were wed. [PleierT]

Kalviel of Folkburg

In the Norse Erex Saga, a duke from Karinlisborg who, along with his wife Favida, was attacked by two giants in a forest. While his wife escaped, Kalviel was beaten and tied. Favida managed to find Erec, who slew the giants and rescued Kalviel. He appears in Chrétien’s Erec as Cadoc. [Erex]


A variation of Camelot, given in Perlesvaus as the home of Perceval’s family. [Perlesvaus]

Kamelin [Kamelins]

A Knight of the Round Table and son of King Alfred of Ireland. Kamelin, his father, and his brother Miroet found Yder, after he had been poisoned by Kay, and helped restore him to health. [Yder]


The land ruled by Queen Tydomie, who married Meleranz, Arthur’s nephew. The court was at Flordemunt. [PleierM]


One of the many knights forced to swear allegiance to Gawain. [Heinrich]

Kanadic [Kanedic]

A land in German Arthurian texts which may derive from Cambenic. In Wolfram’s Parzival, it is the location of a sparrowhawk tournament, where Duke Orilus of Lalander defeated eight Knights of the Round Table. According to Der Pleier, in Garel, the land was ruled first by Queen Florie, who died from grief following the slaying of her lover Ilinot, Arthur’s son. It fell to the hands of Kloudite, Florie’s sister, who married King Ekunaver. The latter went to war with Arthur and was defeated in Kanadic by Garel of the Blooming Valley. [Wolfram, PleierG]

Kanahin [Kanahins]

One of Lancelot’s squires. As Arthur and Lancelot went to war over Guinevere, Kanahin, at Lancelot’s command, hung Lancelot’s shield in the church of St. Stephen’s in Camelot, to commemorate Lancelot’s knightly deeds in happier times. [VulgMort]


A renowned scientist and artisan in Arthur’s time. [Wolfram]


The bold but wicked Duke of Montikluse. He made it his hobby to imprison knights in his Malmort Tower, leaving them to starve. He captured Arthur’s Sir Tandareis when the latter was defending a maiden named Claudin against a force of Kandalion’s knights. Unlike his previous victims, Tandareis was kept alive through the graces of Antonie, Kandalion’s sister, and was released three times to attend, incognito, tournaments at Arthur’s court, in which he defeated Kandalion. Kandalion eventually released Tandareis to claim a reward offered by Arthur for his return. [PleierT]


The chief huntsman of King Mark of Cornwall. He came across Tristan and Isolde, living in exile in a Cornish forest. His inaccurate observations of their cohabitation, which he thought was chaste, led to Mark’s acceptance of the lovers back to his court. [TrisSaga]

Kanvoleis [Kanvoleiz]

The capital city of Queen Herzeloyde’s Wales where Herzeloyde threw a tournament. Gahmuret won the tournament and thus won the right and duty to marry Herzeloyde. The city was later ruled by their son Perceval and then his son Kardeiz. [Wolfram]

Kaols the Compassionless

A lord killed by Gaheris in combat. Kaols had ruled the Castle of Death, in which he imprisoned knights and their ladies. [Livre]


In Diu Crône, Gawain’s host during his visit to the Castle Salie, where he met his grandmother, Igerne. Karadas’s counterpart in Wolfram’s Parzival is Plippalinot the Ferryman. [Heinrich]


A variation of Caradoc.


A variation of Carhaix.


Son of Lord Caradoc of the Dolorous Tower. [ProsTris]


A castle visited by Gawain in Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Crône. In a previous tournament, Gawain had killed one of Karamphi’s princes, named Dahamorht. In revenge, Dahamorht’s brother Angaras attacked him. The lord of Karamphi stopped the fight, but Gawain had to embark on the Grail Quest as a condition of the truce. In Wolfram’s Parzival, these events occur at Ascalun. [Heinrich]


A dwarf who served Amurfina, Gawain’s wife. [Heinrich]

Kardefablet of Jamor

A duke who lived in Arthur’s time. Kardefablet’s wife was the sister of Duke Lyppaut of Bearosche. As his brother-in-law’s ally, Kardefablet fought for Lyppaut in the battle of Bearosche against King Meliant of Lis. [Wolfram]


Perceval’s son by the lady Condwiramurs. He was the twin brother of Loherangrin. Kardeiz was tutored in his youth by Duke Kyot of Katelangen. Kardeiz inherited Perceval’s secular lands of Brobarz, Anjou, Wales, and North Wales while Loherangrin became the new Grail King. [Wolfram]


Brother of Condwiramurs, Perceval’s wife. He was the son of King Tampenteire. He was killed for the love of a lady. [Wolfram]


A land whose king, Gediens, was slain by a heathen warrior called Verangoz of Sorboreste. The king’s daughter, Dulceflur, asked for a champion from Arthur’s court, and Meleranz, Arthur’s nephew, saved the kingdom. [PleierM]

Karedos [Karidos]

The giant lord of Malmontan and Mermin in Der Pleier’s Tandareis and Flordibel, probably modeled (and named) after Caradoc, the giant slain by Lancelot in French romance. Karedos commanded an army of robber knights who attacked unsuspecting knights traveling through the land. He was slain by Tandareis, who assumed control of his lands. [PleierT]


The King of Kareis was the brother-in-law of Prince Gabenis of Punturteis in Wolfram’s Parzival. [Wolfram]


A knight present at the Sorgarda tournament, which Gawain won. [Heinrich]

Karfodyas of Tripparun

A count defeated in combat by Perceval. [Wolfram]


The birthplace of Kalviel, a duke saved from two giants by Erec. [Erex]


The chief castle of Arundel, land of Tristan’s father-in-law Jovelin. It was besieged by Jovelin’s enemies but was rescued by Tristan. [Gottfried]


A beautiful town in Mermin. It served as the court of Tandareis, one of Arthur’s knights. [PleierT]


King Arthur’s hunting lodge in the forest of Brizljan. He sometimes kept court here. [Wolfram]

Karnahkarnanz of Uterlec

Perceval, as a youth, encountered him in the wilds of Soltane, where Perceval had been raised in seclusion by his mother. Perceval had never seen a knight before, and was fascinated by Count Karnahkarnanz. Karnahkarnanz was on a mission to rescue the lady Imane from her abductor, Meleagant, but before he departed he told Perceval that King Arthur made knights and that Perceval was of hardy enough stock to become one himself. This inspired Perceval to leave Soltane, much to the distress of his mother. [Wolfram]


The land ruled by Count Liander, who was rescued from Eskilabon’s prison by Arthur’s Sir Garel. [PleierG]


A knight of Arthur’s court. [Heinrich]


A river in Arthur’s land of Löver, flowing past the castle Sabins. [PleierT]


A city on the border of Egypt, in Nascien’s kingdom. Karrabel’s lord pretended to be a good Christian, but had actually murdered his own father. When the lord of Karrabel rebuked a knight named Nabor, who had betrayed Nascien, God tired of his hypocritical, impious behavior and blasted him to ashes with a thunderbolt. [VulgEst]


A dwarfish, beast-like, pagan knight in the service of King Roaz of Glois. His bones had no marrow, doubling their strength. He guarded the path to Roaz’s castle, and Wigalois (Gawain’s son) had to contend with him when he traveled to Glois to kill Roaz. Much feared for his prowess, Karrioz was nevertheless defeated by Wigalois. Fleeing from Wigalois, he ran headlong into a poisonous swamp fog and was killed. [Wirnt]


Duchess of Arundel in Gottfried’s Tristan. She was the wife of Duke Jovelin and the mother of Isolde of the White Hands and Kahedins. [Gottfried]

Karsinefite [Karsnafite]

Enide’s mother according to Hartmann von Aue and Wolfram von Eschenbach. Chrétien de Troyes gives the name as Tarsenesyde. [HartmannE, Wolfram]

Katelange [Katelangen]

A duchy in Arthur’s realm. The ruler is noted by Hartmann von Aue as Malivliot and by Wolfram von Eschenbach as Duke Kyot. [HartmannE, Wolfram]


A ford near the Grail Castle. [Heinrich]


A famous knight present at the Sorgarda tournament, which Gawain won. [Heinrich]

Kay1 [Cai(e), Caius, Cay, *Cei, Che, Cheudo, Chieso, Cheix, Coi, Gues, Kæ, Kaye, Kaynus, Kayous, Kazin, Kenis, Kei(e), Keii, Keis, Ke(u)(l)(s), Ke(u)x, Keuz, Key(e), Keys, Koi(s), Ky, Qes, Quei(s), Ques, Qui, Quoi(s)]

Arthur’s seneschal and, in later legends, his foster-brother. He was transferred to romance from Welsh legend, where he appears as Cei, though the Welsh may have adopted the name from the Roman Caius. Almost all of the legends in which he appears—from the Welsh tales to the French and German romances to Malory—give him a rude, brash, and insulting temperament. In Welsh legend, he backs up his tongue with a number of unique abilities, but most stories portray him as an inferior warrior. A small number of texts depict him as a essentially noble knight who often falls victim to his own tongue and temper. With no romance of his own, he appears as a supporting—and generally antagonistic—character in the stories of other knights such as Perceval, Lancelot, and Yvain.
   We first meet Cei in the Welsh Culhwch and Olwen and in several short poems. His father’s name was Cynyr, and he had a son named Garanwyn and a daughter named Celemon. Coldness and stubbornness were prophecized for Cei before his birth. Cei had a number of supernatural skills, including the ability to hold his breath underwater for nine days, to go without sleeping for the same period, to grow as tall as a tree, to generate enough heat to light a fire, and to deliver an incurable wound with his sword. In addition, he was the handsomest of Arthur’s warriors. “Vain was an army compared to Cei in battle,” says a Welsh poem, which describes his victories against nine witches and the fearsome Cath Palug. In Culhwch, he accompanies Culhwch on his quest to find Olwen, and he accomplishes several of Culhwch’s tasks, including the slaying of Wrnach the Giant, the rescuing of Mabon, and the theft of the beard of Dillus the Bearded. After Cei killed Dillus, Arthur made up an insulting rhyme about the incident, causing a rift between Arthur and Cei that lasted until Cei’s death. Cei was killed by another of Arthur’s warriors—Gwyddawg—whom Arthur killed in revenge.
   Geoffrey of Monmouth brought his character, Latinized as Kay, into the Arthurian section of Historia Regum Britanniae, which was adapted by Wace and Layamon. After Arthur ascended the throne of Britain, he gave Anjou to Kay. Later, Kay and Bedivere helped him kill the giant of Saint Michael’s Mount. After distinguishing himself in the Roman war, Kay was killed by King Sertorius of Libya at the battle of Soissons. Arthur had him buried in the castle of Caen or Chinon, which Kay had built. According to Layamon, Arthur changed the name of the castle’s town to Caen.
   Kay became known to Chrétien de Troyes probably through Wace’s Roman de Brut. Chrétien gave him roles in his Erec, Lancelot, Yvain, and Perceval. Hartmann von Aue, in turn, included him in his Erec and Iwein, as did Wolfram von Eschenbach in Parzival. Through Wolfram, he became known to other German authors such as Der Stricker (Daniel) and Der Pleier (Garel).
   Kay’s role in these romances is rarely flattering. He goads other knights, abuses women and dwarves, wheedles his way into adventures (in which he fails), and maliciously sends young knights off on dangerous quests—only to be humiliated when they succeed. It became de rigueur in these French and German romances to include an episode in which Kay scorned or offended the hero, only to later be repaid for his insolence. In Chrétien’s Lancelot, he coerces Arthur into letting him try to rescue Guinevere from Meleagant, and then is defeated and imprisoned by Meleagant. In Yvain, he makes fun of Yvain for setting out on an adventure, and later is defeated in combat by Yvain, who has won the adventure. In Perceval and its adaptations, Kay’s abuse of a dwarf and a lady results in a broken arm and collar bone when Perceval avenges them. Malory notes how he bullied Gareth and Brunor only to be humiliated by their successes.
   In a number of tales, however, Kay is described as a brave and valiant warrior who often falls victim to his brash tongue. Of Kay, Les Merveilles de Rigomer says: “The seneschal was very valiant, and had never been a coward or confused; but he did say a lot of stupid things. Some of the other knights were more laudable, although not more brave, than Kay, who often lost respect due to station because of his brash way of speaking.” Similarly, Heinrich von dem Türlin says, “Although Keii might be unpleasant and quite mannerless, he still had not lost the pride of nobility. Indeed, he was so brave that he wouldn’t avoid any monster.”
   In several French romances, on the other hand, Kay is evil in earnest. In Perlesvaus, he murders Loholt, Arthur’s son, in his sleep, and then claims credit for a giant which Loholt had slain. When this crime is exposed, Kay flees Arthur’s court for Brittany and joins forces with Brian of the Isles, Arthur’s enemy. The two knights lead an army against Arthur, but are defeated at the battle of Cardueil. Kay is wounded, and he flees to Chinon to live out his days as a fugitive. In Yder, he tries twice to murder the noble Sir Yder by poison. The First Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval includes an episode (resolved in the Third Continuation) in which Kay murders Sir Silimac and is defeated in judicial combat by Gawain for this homicide. The Dutch Walewein ende Keye also portrays him in an extremely unflattering manner, and he is eventually run out of Arthur’s court after slandering Gawain.
   In the Vulgate Cycle, we find the biography of Kay that will last through the remainder of the Arthurian legends, including the Post-Vulgate Cycle and Malory’s Le Morte Darthur. He was the son of Antor or Ector, Arthur’s foster-father. When the infant Arthur came to Antor’s household, he was suckled by Antor’s wife, while Kay was nursed by a peasant wet-nurse, which was responsible for his evil tongue. Arthur was originally intended as Kay’s squire. This all changed after Uther Pendragon’s death, when a certain Sword in a Stone appeared outside a church in Logres or London. Attending the tournament there, Kay lost his sword. Arthur, unable to find it, drew the sword from the stone and presented it to Kay. Kay, realizing the significance of the sword, originally claimed that he drew it, but revealed the truth under his father’s interrogation. Arthur then acquiesced to Ector’s request that Kay become his seneschal. Kay proved himself worthy—if still ill-mannered—during the following wars against the rebellious kings, the Saxons, King Claudas, King Rions, and the five kings who met with Arthur at the battle of the Humber. As in the chronicles, Kay accompanied Arthur to Mont St. Michel and to the Roman War, where—in an important variation from the chronicles—he survived the battle of Soissons. He then returned to Britain with Arthur and became the bullying, inferior knight described in the romances. If he was not particularly noble, however, neither was he particularly wicked. He acquitted himself well in several adventures and earned his place at the Round Table. He was eventually killed in the second Roman War, just after Arthur’s war with Lancelot.
   Chrétien gives him a son named Gronosis, and Heinrich von dem Türlin names his sweetheart as Galida. In the First Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval, he is in love with Lady Lore of Branlant. In Girart D’Amiens’ Escanor, he wins a tournament at Banborc and falls in love with the lady Andrivete, whom he eventually marries. [WelshPG, Culhwch, GeoffHR, Wace, ChretienE, ChretienL, ChretienY, ChretienP, RobertBorM, Layamon, Perlesvaus, Contin1, Wolfram, ProsMer1, VulgLanc, VulgMort, VulgMer, PostMer, PostQuest, PostMort, Arthour, Stricker, PleierG, Heinrich, Merveil, Walewein, Girart, Malory]

Kay2 of Estral [Kay Destran, Kes, Kex, Key, Ques]

A minor Knight of the Round Table who first appears in Chrétien’s Erec. In the Vulgate Merlin, he is one of the young nobleman that Gawain leads against the Saxons; Arthur knights him in gratitude. In the Vulgate Lancelot, he is one of knights that Lancelot frees from the Dolorous Prison. He lived in the Valley of No Return, having pledged to his wife to remain there until the Valley was destroyed. The Post-Vulgate Mort Artu says that he was killed fighting Mordred’s army at the battle of Salisbury. [ChretienE, LancLac, VulgLanc, VulgMer, PostMort]

Kay2 the Strange

A Knight of the Round Table who fought for Arthur at the Leverzep tournament in Malory. He also appeared at the healing of Sir Urry. He may be the same character as Kay of Estral, Malory having misread Kay D’Estral as Kay l’Estrange. [Malory]

Kaylet of Hoskurast

The King of Spain and Castille during the reign of Uther in Britain. He was prompted by his uncle Schiltunc to join King Vridebrant of Scotland’s invasion of the African kingdom of Zazamanc. He was defeated in the invasion, with the others, by Perceval’s father Gahmuret, who also happened to be Kaylet’s maternal cousin. Kaylet had once loved Alize, sister of King Hardiz of Gascony. Hardiz, however, gave Alize to King Lambekin of Brabant instead. Kaylet then married the lady Rischoyde. Kaylet was also the maternal uncle of Killijacac. [Wolfram]

Kaz of Gomeret [Car]

A knight in the service of Queen Morgan le Fay. Sir Kaz was sent by Morgan with three others, including his brother Helians, to kill the young Alexander the Orphan at the behest of King Mark of Cornwall. Kaz was out-jousted and defeated by Alexander. [ProsTris, Prophecies, Malory]


One of Arthur’s warriors who was the son of Elauth. [Layamon]


A country in southeast England. Ruled by Aldolf in Octavius’s reign and by Gorangon in King Vortigern’s time, it was granted to the Saxon leader Hengist, and Saxons continued to occupy it throughout Arthur’s reign. King Vortimer fought a battle against Hengist in Kent, and Horsa and Vortigern’s son Vortiger were slain. Many years later, when Mordred seized the throne of England, most of Kent allied with him. Arthur offered it to Mordred as part of a peace treaty that was never achieved. Kent was a hotly contested piece of land during the time in which Arthur was said to thrive. It was one of the first to fall under the control of the Saxons. The non-Arthurian Anglo-Saxon Chronicle says that Hengist’s son Æsc ruled it starting in 512. In Dryden’s King Arthur, it is ruled by Oswald, Arthur’s Saxon enemy. [Anglo, Nennius, Wace, Malory, Dryden]


The patron saint of Glasgow, Scotland who is described in his twelfth-century Life as the son of Yvain and the grandson of Urien. John Major’s chronicle makes him the son of Thametes, the grandson of Lot, and the nephew of Gawain. Scottish tales describe St. Kentigern’s encounters with Lailoken, a Scottish counterpart of Myrddin or Merlin. [Major]


An ancient city visited by Tristan and Lancelot. It was ruled by a great knight named Liburn. Tristan and Lancelot desired Liburn’s wife, but Liburn defeated both of them for her honor. [Povest]

Key of Wales

A castle on the border of Wales, ruled by the tyrannical Cahot the Red. It was liberated by Perceval. [Perlesvaus]

Kibouene Pits

The name of the prison in Rigomer Castle, where all of the knights who failed in their attempt to conquer the castle were kept. Lancelot was one of its residents until freed by Gawain. [Merveil]


The Ousel (thrush) of Kilgwri was the first animal whose assistance was sought by Arthur’s warriors in their quest to find Mabon, an imprisoned huntsman. The Ousel of Kilgwri sent them on to the Stag of Rhedenfre. [Culhwch]


A nobleman from Montikluse. He helped Antonie, Duke Kandalion’s sister, arrange for Tandareis, Arthur’s imprisoned knight, to attend tournaments at Sabins. [PleierT]

Killaraus [Killare, Hilomar]

An Irish mountain, where the Giants’ Dance was located before it was removed to Salisbury plain by Merlin. It is probably the real mountain of Kildare, an identification made by Giraldus Cambrensis. [GeoffHR]


A very handsome count from Champagne. His uncle was Kaylet, the King of Spain. Killirjacac served Duke Gaschier of Normandy and accompanied Gaschier on his invasion of Zazamanc, the land of Queen Belacane. He was defeated with the other invaders by Perceval’s father Gahmuret, who was fighting for the queen. Killirjacac later participated in the tournament at Kanvoleis. [Wolfram]


According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, king of Britain in the fourth or third century BC. He was the son of King Sisillius and the brother of King Danius, who succeeded him. [GeoffHR]

Kimbelin [Cinbelin]

A figure from Welsh myth that Geoffrey adopted as one of Arthur’s warriors. He was the son of Trunat. [GeoffHR]

Kimmarc [Kinmare, Kynmar, Rimarec]

A duke or earl who governed Canterbury under King Arthur. [GeoffHR, Wace, Layamon]

Kimmarcoch [Chinmark, Kinnard]

The earl of Tréguier who fought for Arthur in the campaign against Rome. He died at the battle of Soissons. Layamon alters his name and kingdom to Kinard of Striguil. [GeoffHR, Wace, Layamon]

Kincar [Ringar]

One of Arthur’s champions who was the son of Bangan. He appears first in Geoffrey of Monmouth, who seems to have adopted his name from Welsh mythology. [GeoffHR, Wace, Layamon]

King of Love

An enigmatic figure in Andreas’s De Amore. The King of Love wrote the thirty-one “Rules of Love” onto a parchment, which fell into the hands of an unnamed “Briton” knight when he won a hawk from Arthur’s court. Like Father Time or Mother Nature, the “King of Love” is more metaphorical than corporeal. [Andreas]

King of Suffering

A potentate of an unnamed land. He was so called because each day, one of his sons had to be sacrificed to a cave-dwelling beast. After their deaths, they would be revived, only to be killed again only a few days later. The King and his sons were relieved of their torment when Peredur killed the beast and ended the ritual. [Peredur]

King of the Isles

A lord who Arthur decided to subjugate. He sent Gawain and Sir Hunbaut to the King of the Isles’ court to demand the lord’s submission. The two knights delivered their message and left hastily. [Hunbaut]

King of the Lake

In Malory, a knight appointed by Arthur to the Round Table after the battle of the Humber. The same character is called Lach by the Post-Vugate Suite du Merlin. [Malory]

King of the Red City

A nobleman who fought at Arthur’s tournament at Tenebroc. He was defeated in combat by Erec. [ChretienE]

King of the Valley

One of five kings that invaded Britain at the begging of Arthur’s reign. Arthur’s forces slew him and his allies at the battle of the Humber River. [PostMer, Malory]

King of the Watch

A nobleman who lodged Gawain while the latter was on a quest for the Grail Sword. The King made Gawain promise to return and show him the sword once Gawain had obtained it. When Gawain kept his promise, the King of the Watch stole the sword, but priests made him return it. [Perlesvaus]

King with a Hundred Knights [*Roi des Cent Chevaliers]

A valiant and bold king who plagued Arthur at the beginning of Arthur’s reign. He first appears in the Prose Lancelot, although Ulrich von Zatzikhoven mentions a king named Ritschart, who is said to have 100 knights. The King’s actual name varies from story to story: Lancelot calls him Malaguin; the Third Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval gives him the name Margon; in the Prose Tristan, his proper name is Heraut. Malory tells us that although his knights numbered only 100, but he kept them “extremely fine in appearance at all points.”
   Variously identified as the sovereign of Malehaut, Estrangorre, Guzilagne, Piacenza, or part of Logres, the King with a Hundred Knights was one of the rebellious kings that Arthur defeated at Bedegraine. He eventually allied with Arthur in order defeat the invading Saxons, and he participated in Arthur’s war against Rome. Later, however, he was conquered by lord Galehaut, and he joined Galehaut’s war against Arthur. When Arthur and Galehaut forged a truce, the King again submitted to Arthur’s rule and became a Knight of the Round Table. He had a son named Maranz and a daughter named Landoine, both of whom were saved from a pack of robbers by Sir Bors. He loved the Queen of North Wales and Isolde. The Italian I Due Tristani says that he married Riccarda, Galehaut’s sister. La Tavola Ritonda describes his death at the battle of Lerline, fighting alongside King Amoroldo of Ireland. [LancLac, VulgLanc, VulgMer, ProsTris, Tavola, DueTris, Malory]

Kingdom of Damsels

A beautiful island kingdom saved by Arthur in Le Chevalier du Papegau. It’s queen, Flor de Mont, was overthrown and imprisoned by the wicked steward of her late father, King Beauvoisin. The steward imprisoned her in the Fearless Keep and retired himself to the Perilous Castle. Arthur, responding to the queen’s entreaties, slew the steward and saved the kingdom. [ChevPap]

Kingdom of No Return

A nickname for Gorre, Sir Meleagant’s land. [VulgLanc]

Kingdom of the Isles

A kingdom that was the home of Brien of the Isles, an enemy of Gawain. It was ruled by the Lady of the Isles, and its capital was Rades. [Meriadeuc]


Prince of Ascalun in Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival. He was the landgrave of Schanpfanzun, the nephew of Ascalun’s slain King Kingrisin, and the cousin and vassal of Kingrisin’s son Vergulaht. Kingrimursel, blaming Kingrisin’s death on Gawain, challenged Gawain to a duel at Schanpfanzun and promised him safe passage through Ascalun until the duel. King Vergulaht, however, became irate when he saw Gawain flirting with his sister, and he summoned his men to attack Gawain. Kingrimursel, enraged that Vergulaht had broken his word, fought alongside Gawain against Vergulaht’s men until Vergulaht relented. They set a new time and place for the duel, but before it could take place, Gawain was exonerated of the death of Kingrisin. Kingrimursel is known in Chrétien’s Perceval as Guinganbresil. [Wolfram]


King of Ascalun and husband of Flurdamurs, with whom he fathered Vergulaht. Kingrisin was slain by Count Ehkunat, and Vergulaht inherited his kingdom. For some reason, Kingrisin’s death was blamed on Gawain, and his nephew Kingrimursel challenged Gawain to a duel in revenge. Gawain was eventually exonerated. [Wolfram]


The capital of North Wales, ruled by Queen Herzeloyde, Perceval’s mother. [Wolfram]


The seneschal of King Clamide (Clamadeu). With Clamide, he invaded the land of Brobarz and besieged Belrepeire, castle of the lady Condwiramurs. Clamide and Kingrun would have succeeded but for the arrival of Perceval, who defeated them both in combat. Kingrun had killed Schenteflurs, the son of Gornemant, and for this reason he refused when Perceval ordered him to report to Gornemant. Rather than kill Kingrun, Perceval sent him to King Arthur instead. Kingrun’s counterpart in Chrétien de Troyes is Anguiguerron. [Wolfram]

King’s Fortress

A Frankish castle on the Humber river, near the border of Sorelois, where Lancelot and Galehaut once lodged. [VulgLanc]

Kinkenart [Quinquenart]

One of many Saxon kings who invaded Britain at the beginning of Arthur’s reign. He raided and plundered northern Britain, plaguing King Brandegorre of Estrangorre. Sagremor killed him. [VulgMer, Livre]

Kinlith [Kinlint]

Son of Nwython, brother of Rhun, and one of Arthur’s champions. [GeoffHR, Wace]


According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, king of Britain in the sixth century BC. He was the son of King Sisillius and the father of King Gorbodug. [GeoffHR]


Father of the warrior Grimarc. [Layamon]


A knight present at the Sorgarda tournament, which Gawain won. [Heinrich]


A lady from Portugal loved by Duke Eskilabon of Belamunt. In her service, he defeated and imprisoned many knights, until he himself was defeated by Arthur’s Sir Garel. [PleierG]


Duchess of Argentin and wife of Duke Elimar. Her husband was slain by the giant Purdan. Arthur’s Sir Garel saved her son, Klaris, from the giant’s prison, but Klarine died from grief over the loss of her husband. [PleierG]


Queen of Turtus and wife of Amurat. Her daughter, Duzabel, was kidnapped by the giant Purdan and was rescued by Sir Garel. [PleierG]


The duke of Argentin who Sir Garel saved from the giant Purdan’s prison. His father, Elimar, had been slain by the giant, and his mother, Klarine, died of grief. In gratitude to Garel, Klaris pledged his support in Arthur’s war against King Ekuanver of Kanadic. Arthur later made him a Knight of the Round Table. [PleierG]


A knight present at the Sorgarda tournament, which Gawain won. [Heinrich]


In Lohengrin, the Countess of Kleve convinced Duchess Elsam of Brabant to ask Loherangrin, Perceval’s son and Elsam’s husband, his name and lineage. Loherangrin had forbidden the question and he left Elsam when she asked it. [Lohengrin]


A knight defeated by Tristan at a tournament at Baroh in Pazareia. [Povest]


The wife of King Ekunaver of Kanadic, an enemy of Arthur. She inherited the land of Kanadic from her sister, Florie. [PleierG]

Knight of Ladies [*Chevalier as Dames]

An alias adopted by Arthur’s Sir Meriadeuc when traveling incognito. [Meriadeuc]

Knight of Maidens1 [*Chevalier as Damoisels]

A nickname for Gawain, alluding originally to his reputation as a playboy. However, in the Post-Vulgate Suite du Merlin, Gawain adopts the name after he accidentally kills a the maiden lover of Blamoure and swears to help all damsels in distress from then on. [Raoul, PostMer]

Knight of Maidens2

When Guiron the Courteous first arrived at King Uther Pendragon’s court, he was accompanied by over a dozen young maidens, thus earning himself this nickname. [Palamedes]

Knight of the Bridge

Former ruler of the Dolorous Guard, the castle Lancelot conquered. He may be identical to Brandin of the Isles. His was called the “knight of the bridge” because he guarded a bridge and attacked all Queen’s Knights, for he harbored a hate for Guinevere. [ProsTris]

Knight of the Burning Dragon

A demonic lord who, in Perlesvaus, inhabited the Castle of Giants on the Island of the Elephants. The Knight carried a shield which was possessed by a devil, and which spouted bursts of flame on command. He terrorized Arthur’s lands, and crispened many good knights, including Perceval’s cousin Alain. Perceval sought to avenge the deed. Protected by his own magic shield, Perceval journeyed to the Knight’s castle and defeated him in combat. The Knight’s shield turned on its master and blasted him to cinders. A similar character is called the Knight of the Dragon in the Fourth Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval. [Perlesvaus]

Knight of the Cart1 [*Chevalier de la Charrete]

A name given to Lancelot during his quest to rescue Guinevere from Meleagant of Gorre. In his haste to rush after the Queen, Lancelot rode his horse to death. Looking around for more transportation, he found a churl who was willing to give him a ride in a cart. Lancelot hesitated briefly and then dove in. Since riding in a cart was considered disgraceful for a knight—such a mode of transportation was reserved for criminals on their way to be hanged—shame followed Lancelot throughout the adventure. First told in Chrétien de Troyes’s Lancelot, versions of this story contained in the Vulgate Lancelot and Malory serve to lessen Lancelot’s humiliation and to make his ride in the cart a clever, pragmatic tactic. In one passage in the Vulgate Lancelot, the title refers to Bors. [ChretienL, LancLac, Malory]

Knight of the Cart2 [*Chevalier del Car]

An alias given to Sir Raguidel after his body floated up to Arthur’s court in a cart on a boat. [Vengeance]

Knight of the Castle of Three Roses

This knight died for the love of Florine, Palamedes’s sister. [Palamedes]

Knight of the Dragon1

An alias for Sir Segurant the Brown, a great knight of Uther’s court, who pursued a dragon throughout his career. [Palamedes]

Knight of the Dragon2

A fearsome warrior in the Fourth Continuation of Perceval, almost identical to the Knight of the Burning Dragon in Perlesvaus. The Knight of the Dragon ruled a city of pagans in the Islands of the Sea. His name reflected the dragon’s head which was attached to the front of his shield. At the Knight’s command, the head would breathe fire and scorch the Knight’s opponents. In this manner, the Knight killed the lover of the lady Claire. Perceval met Claire and learned the circumstances of her lover’s death. Perceval tracked down the Knight of the Dragon, who was besieging the city of Montesclaire. Mortally wounded in the subsequent combat, the Knight of the Dragon allowed Perceval to baptize him before he died. [Contin4]

Knight of the Field

A Knight of the Round Table who embarked with the others on the Grail Quest. [PostQuest]

Knight of the Galley

A heathen knight who roamed the sea and murdered Christians. He was killed by Arthur’s Sir Meliot of Logres. [Perlesvaus]

Knight of the Golden Arms

A designation given to Gawain during a tournament in which he won the Circle of Gold. [Perlesvaus]

Knight of the Golden Quilt

One of Arthur’s nights. [Merveil]

Knight of the Green Shield

A warrior from the Mores Isles in Perlesvaus. Lancelot helped him expel an invader, the Lord of the Rock, after the Knight’s brother, Gladoain, was slain in Lancelot’s service. In Palamedes, Brunor the Black is known by this alias. [Perlesvaus, Palamedes]

Knight of the High Mountain

A knight who participated in a tournament thrown by Arthur at the Castle of Maidens. [Renaut]

Knight of the Horn [*Chevalier au Cor]

An Arthurian knight found in two French romances. [ChretienE, Merveil]

Knight of the Ill-Fitting Coat

A Knight of the Round Table whose true name in some romances is Brunor the Black. It appears that he was the subject of a now lost French romance. A fragment, called Le Vallet à la Cote Mal Tailliée, relates how he arrives at Arthur’s court but is rejected for a place in Arthur’s service. After the Knight departs, Gawain speaks in his favor and sends a courier to bring him back. Given the style of similar romances, including the Knight’s story in the Prose Tristan, we may assume that in the original, the messenger failed to convince the Knight of the Ill-Fitting Coat to return, spurring Arthur to send a group of knights after him. The Knight would have then defeated Arthur’s knights, embarked on a series of adventures, proven his merit, and returned to find an open seat at the Round Table. In any event, he is listed among Arthur’s knights in Renaut de Bâgé’s Le Bel Inconnu, the Second Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval, and Les Merveilles de Rigomer.
   His original story, probably modified, is inserted into the Prose Tristan. We learn from this and other sources that he was the brother of Dinadan and Daniello. We hear in La Tavola Ritonda that he hated Lancelot because Lancelot had slain Daniello. The two knights fought to a draw at the castle Dusbergo.
   The Knight of the Ill-Fitting Coat has a chapter in Malory’s book of Tristan, expanded from a shorter version in the Prose Tristan. When he first arrived at Arthur’s court wearing his misshapen coat, Kay scoffed at him. The coat had belonged to Brunor’s murdered father (the Good Knight Without Fear), and Brunor had vowed to wear the coat until his father’s death was avenged. Arthur knighted him, and he soon proved his merit by rescuing Guinevere from a lion that had escaped from the king’s menagerie. Kay humiliated him by arranging for Brunor’s first joust to be with Daguenet, Arthur’s fool.
   Responding to the request of Ill-Speaking Maiden, Arthur sent Brunor to avenge the death of a knight in Sorelois. He was miserably defeated in joust against Bleoberis and Palamedes along the way, but it turned out that Brunor only lacked skill in joust. On foot, he slew a dozen knights at the castle Orguellous. He befriended Lancelot (in contrast to Tavola), who rescued him from the Castle Pendragon. Together, they went to Sorelois and defeated six brothers named Playne de Fors, Playne de Amors, Plenorius, Pillounes, Pellogris, and Pellandis, completing the quest. On the return to Camelot, Lancelot evicted Brian of the Isles from the Castle Pendragon and gave the fortress to Brunor. Brunor married the Ill-Speaking Maiden, whose name he changed to Beau Vivant. Arthur eventually promoted him to the Round Table. [Vallet, Renaut, ProsTris, PostQuest, Malory]

Knight of the Lantern

Step-son of the King of India. To insure that the Knight of the Lantern would inherit the kingdom, his mother enchanted the King’s own sons into the form of dogs. One of these sons, Prince Alexander, was known as the Crop-Eared Dog. The Knight of the Lantern went to Arthur’s court and offended the king, which led Gawain on a quest to avenge the insult. With the Crop-Eared Dog’s assistance, Gawain tracked the Knight of the Lantern down, defeated him, and forced him to restore Alexander to his human form. [IrishD]

Knight of the Litter

An alias for Lancelot, which he used after he was wounded during his early adventures, but before he knew his real name. [VulgLanc]

Knight of the Mill

The name given to Peredur Long Spear when he fought in a tournament before the Empress of Constantinople. Peredur was lodging with a miller at the time. [Peredur]

Knight of the Parrot

King Arthur’s alias in the French romance Le Chevalier du Papegau. Arthur adopted the name after winning a magic parrot in a tournament at the Castle Causuel, in which he championed the Lady Without Pride. The parrot was intelligent: it sang, recounted Merlin’s prophecies, and advised Arthur during his adventures. Served by a dwarf, it was kept in a golden, bejeweled cage. Arthur enjoyed several adventures under this pseudonym. [ChevPap]

Knight of the Passage

A knight defeated by Arthur in front of the Fearless Keep in the Kingdom of Damsels. The Knight of the Passage lodged Arthur following his defeat. [ChevPap]

Knight of the Sleeve

Hero of a Dutch romance. His mother was a queen, but he was raised in a monastery. During his numerous adventures, in which he overcame knights, giants, and beasts, he carried the sleeve of his paramour, Clarette, on the tip of his lance. He embarked on a successful quest to find his father. He eventually won the right to marry Clarette during a tournament at Arthur’s court. His true name was Miraudijs. [Riddere]

Knight of the Spring

An alias for Sir Atamas, a knight who guarded the Spring of Healing and was defeated by Palamedes. [PostQuest]

Knight of the Surcoat

The nickname given to Gawain after he was knighted by the Emperor of Rome. Ignorant of his real name during his upbringing, he was first called the Boy with No Name, but was dubbed the Knight of the Surcoat after his fellow knights were surprised to see him wear a tunic over his armor—a custom then unknown in Rome. [DeOrtu]

Knight of the Tomb

An adventure encountered by Perceval in the Second Continuation of Chrétien’s Perceval and the Didot-Perceval. Perceval came across a tomb in his quest to hunt a white stag for the lady of Chessboard Castle. The Knight of the Tomb, also known as the Black Knight, who came from the forest of Argonne, lived in the tomb at the behest of his paramour. In the Second Continuation, the Knight of the Tomb emerges and fights with Perceval, is defeated, and must return to the tomb. In the Didot-Perceval, Perceval frees him, and the ungrateful Knight of the Tomb shoves Perceval into the tomb and locks it. However, the Knight of the Tomb, who didn’t have a mount, was unable to get Perceval’s enchanted mule to move. He was forced to release Perceval from the tomb and to resume his place.
   During the battle between Perceval and the Knight of the Tomb, Garsallas, the Knight of the Tomb’s half-brother, ran off with Perceval’s hound and the head of a stag Perceval had slain, sending Perceval on a series of quests that prolonged his return to Chessboard Castle. [Contin2, Didot]

Knight of the Tower

An alias for Sir Atamas, who inhabited the Giant’s Tower and was defeated by Palamedes. [PostQuest]

Knight of the Two Swords

The name adopted by Meriadeuc during his early adventures at Arthur’s court. Ignorant of his true name, he was called Handsome Young Man until knighted by Arthur. He received sword froms both Arthur and his future wife, Lady Lore of Cardigan, for which Kay gave him this alias. [Meriadeuc]

Knight of the Valley [*Chevalier de la Vale

An ugly knight defeated in combat by Arthur’s Sir Brandelis. [Claris]

Knight of the White Shield

The name assigned to Perceval during the tournament at the Red Land, in which Perceval bore a white shield. See also White Knight. [Perlesvaus]

Knight of Triple Arms [*Chevalier as Armes Trebles]

The champion of Rigomer Castle whose real name was Jorans li Febles. [Merveil]

Knight of Two Shields [*Chevalier as Dous Escus]

An alias for Sir Beaudous, Gawan’s son, referring to his custom double-shield. [RobertBlo]

Knight with the Black Shield

The name given to Sir Tristan at the Castle of Maidens tournament when Tristan would not reveal his own name. [Malory]

Knight with the Eagle

A nickname for Sir Wigamur, an Arthurian knight who saved an eagle from a vulture and thus gained a loyal companion. [Wigamur]

Knight with the Lion

In Chrétien’s Yvain and its adaptations, the alias given to Yvain after he rescued a lion from a serpent. The lion became Yvain’s friend and guardian and refused to leave his side. In the Prose Lancelot, this designation is given to Yvain after Sir Lionel gives him the skin of the Crowned Lion of Libya. [ChretienY, LancDoLac, Owain, Ivens]

Knight with the Strange Beast

A nickname of King Pellinore, referring to his ceaseless hunt for the elusive Questing Beast. [ProsTris, Malory]

Knight with Two Swords

An alias of Sir Balin the Savage, who once carried two swords. [PostMer, Malory]


A character in Le Chevalier du Papegau. He loved the Lady of Estrales. She, in turn, was infatuated with Arthur, called the Knight of the Parrot, and an incensed Knight-Giant swore to bring her Arthur’s dismembered hand. He encountered Arthur in the forest and was mortally wounded after a long battle. Before he died, he apologized to Arthur and gave him his magic breast plate. His brother, the Redoubted Giant of the Sure Keep, tried to avenge his death but failed. [ChevPap]

Knights of Battle

A trio of Arthur’s knights—Cador, Lancelot, and Owain—mentioned in Welsh legend. They were exceptionally noble and brave in combat. [Triads]

Knights of the Watch

A group of Arthur’s knights who were brave and honorable, but were inferior to the Knights of the Round Table. It is first mentioned by Chrétien in Perceval. The Prose Lancelot tells us that it seated 150 knights, which may be the origin of Malory’s assertion that the Round Table sat 150. An order of a similar nature is called the Table of Errant Companions in the Post-Vulgate. [ChretienP, LancLac, VulgLanc]


A swineherd who served Queen Flúrent of Ireland, Isolde’s mother. His sty was by the sea, and he was thus in a position to report immediately to his queen any news from the ocean, including Tristan’s first arrival. [SagaTI]


The name of Enide’s father according to Hartmann von Aue. He is called Licorant by Chrétien de Troyes. Once a wealthy nobleman, he was wrongfully dispossessed, and was forced to live in abject poverty with his wife (Karsinefite) and daughter in the city of Tulmein, which belonged to Koralus’s brother-in-law, Imain. Despite his dire situation, he gave good hospitality to Erec when Erec came to Tulmein to compete in the sparrowhawk tournament, and he lent Erec a suit of armor, a sword, and his daughter Enide for the occasion. After Erec and Enide married, Erec’s father Lac made Koralus the lord of the castles Montrevel and Roadan. [HartmannE]


A land ruled by King Lar and Queen Amire. Korntin was seized by the evil King Roaz of Glois. King Lar was killed, and Queen Amire was driven to the castle of Roimunt on the edge of the kingdom. Korntin was wrongfully held by Roaz for ten years before Wigalois (Gawain’s son) arrived to answer Amire’s call for help. He killed Roaz and became the King of Korntin. Lamire, the daughter of Lar and Amire, was his queen. [Wirnt]

Kulianz the Fool

Heinrich von dem Türlin’s name for the character called Antanor by Wolfram—the mute fool who spoke upon Perceval’s arrival at Arthur’s court. [Heinrich]

Kuraus with the Brave Heart

A British knight from Gagunne, encountered by Lancelot early in his adventures. Lancelot came across Kuraus and Orphilet fighting in a clearing. They were both ready to collapse from exhaustion, and Lancelot made them stop fighting. The three knights went together to the castle of Moreiz, where they enjoyed the hospitality of Lord Galagandreiz. Galagandreiz was of uneven disposition, and Kuraus feared him. For this reason, he declined to sleep with Galagandreiz’s daughter when she offered herself to him. At the end of their adventure, Kuraus invited Lancelot back to Gagunne, but Lancelot declined.
   R. S. Loomis thought that Kuraus is a derivation of cuars, meaning “coward.” His character is an allusion to the French tale (found in Manessier’s continuation of Perceval and in Perlesvaus) of the coward knight who later turns out to be brave, and is thus given a new name—hence “with the Brave Heart.” [UlrichZ]


A malicious knight who attacked Queen Albiun of the Wild Mountain, intending to steal her lands. He was defeated by Arthur’s Sir Tandareis, ending the assault. [PleierT]


In the Serbo-Russian Povest’ o Tryshchane, a vassal of the Queen of Ireland who, by bringing his queen Tristan’s sword, identified Tristan as the knight who slew Morholt. He appears as an unnamed youth in the Prose Tristan. [Povest]


A region of southwest Scotland. It originally belonged to Sir Galleron, but Arthur annexed it and gave it to Gawain. Galleron arrived at a feast and challenged Gawain for ownership of the land. The fight ended in a draw, but Gawain graciously returned the country to Galleron anyway. [Awntyrs]

Kyllicrates of Cetriun

A vassal of Feirefiz, Perceval’s half-brother. [Wolfram]


One of Arthur’s knights in the English Arthur, present at one of Arthur’s Easter feasts. He was the son of Gryffith. [Arthur]

Kynke Kenadonne [Kynkenadon]

An castle near the border of Wales. Arthur held his Pentecost feast here one year. Gareth was married in the castle. [Malory]


A titular duke of Katelangen who gave up his fief in order to enter into spiritual service. He was the brother of Tampenteire and Mampfilyot, the husband of Schoysiane, the father of Sigune, and the paternal uncle of Perceval’s wife Condwiramurs. When Condwiramurs’ country was invaded, Kyot and his brother Mampfilyot assisted her as well as possible, but they needed Perceval to save the duchy. When Perceval was anointed as Grail King, Duke Kyot escorted Perceval’s wife and sons to the Grail Castle to join Perceval. [Wolfram]

Copyright Christopher Bruce. All Rights Reserved. Provided here by his kind permission. Layout of book modified to fit the Celtic Twilight format.